fumarole

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fu·ma·role

 (fyo͞o′mə-rōl′)
n.
A hole in a volcanic area from which hot smoke and gases escape.

[Italian fumarola, from Late Latin fūmāriolum, smoke hole, diminutive of Latin fūmārium, smoke chamber, from fūmus, smoke.]

fu′ma·rol′ic (-rŏl′ĭk) adj.

fumarole

(ˈfjuːməˌrəʊl)
n
(Geological Science) a vent in or near a volcano from which hot gases, esp steam, are emitted
[C19: from French fumerolle, from Late Latin fūmāriolum smoke hole, from Latin fūmus smoke]
fumarolic adj

fu•ma•role

(ˈfyu məˌroʊl)

n.
a hole in or near a volcano from which vapor rises.
[1805–15; < French fumerolle < Late Latin fūmāriōlum, diminutive of Latin fūmārium smoke chamber]
fu`ma•rol′ic (-ˈrɒl ɪk) adj.

fu·ma·role

(fyo͞o′mə-rōl′)
A hole in the surface of the Earth from which hot smoke and gases escape. Fumaroles are found on or near volcanoes.
Translations
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References in periodicals archive ?
The northern portion of the main crater rim, in the vicinity of Daang Kastila Trail, can also become hazardous when fumarolic or degassing activity along existing fissures suddenly increases.
Fumarolic gases mainly comprise the volatile components of [H.sub.2]O, C[O.sub.2], S[O.sub.2], HCl, and HF, but high- temperature fumarolic gases (>400[degrees]C) also commonly transport many metallic and nonmetallic compounds, which have sufficiently high vapor pressure at elevated temperatures.
Under the Phivolcs volcanic activity protocol, alert level five equates to actual hazardous volcanic eruption while 1 indicated "low level seismic, fumarolic, other unrest."
The chemistry of fumarolic vapor and thermal spring discharges from the Nevado del Ruiz volcanic magmatic hydrothermal system, Colombia.
Topics include case studies of compositional discrimination in Hungarian volcanites, Scottish limestone, Russian cassiterite, and in an Italian volcanic fumarolic field, with other applications in studies canonical variate vector components and tertiary sandstone composition in an evaluation of the Dickinson model.
The mineral formed as a sublimate directly from fumarolic gas and is associated with a number of other sublimate minerals including cannizzarite, galenobismutite, pyrite and an undefined Fe-K-Si-bearing phase.
Studies of volatiles (e.g., [H.sub.2]O, C[O.sub.2], Cl, F, S, B, Be), in particular Cl, in Hawaiian and Austral Islands basaltic glass and olivine-hosted melt inclusions suggest that intruding magmas commonly assimilate subsurface seawater, hydrothermal brines or brine-impregnated oceanic crust, and fumarolic deposits (Lassiter et al., 2002; Hauri, 2002; Davis et al., 2003).
Giggenbach, "Redox processes governing the chemistry of fumarolic gas discharges from White Island, New Zealand," Applied Geochemistry, vol.
The topics include insights into regional hydrothermal activity and implications for volcano monitoring of the chemistry of spring waters and fumarolic gases encircling Santa Mariia volcano in Guatemala, and the eruptive history of Costa Rica's Turrialba volcano and potential hazards from future eruptions.
The crater has a diameter of 2.4 km and is occupied by dacitic domes with fumarolic activity (Cepeda et al., 1995; Cepeda and Cortes, 1999).