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n. pl. fu·mi·to·ries
Any of various annual plants of the genus Fumaria native to Eurasia and Africa, having finely divided leaves and small, spurred, purplish flowers. Also called earth smoke.

[Middle English fumetere, from Old French fumeterre, from Medieval Latin fūmus terrae : Latin fūmus, smoke + Latin terrae, genitive of terra, dry land, earth; see ters- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(ˈfjuːmɪtərɪ; -trɪ)
n, pl -ries
(Plants) any plant of the chiefly European genus Fumaria, esp F. officinalis, having spurred flowers and formerly used medicinally: family Fumariaceae
[C14: from Old French fumetere, from Medieval Latin fūmus terrae, literally: smoke of the earth; see fume]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈfyu mɪˌtɔr i, -ˌtoʊr i)

n., pl. -ries.
any plant of the genus Fumaria, having grayish leaves and spikes of purplish flowers.
[1350–1400; alter. of earlier fumiterre, Middle English < Middle French < Medieval Latin fūmus terrae]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fumitory - delicate European herb with greyish leaves and spikes of purplish flowersfumitory - delicate European herb with greyish leaves and spikes of purplish flowers; formerly used medicinally
Fumaria, genus Fumaria - annual herbs whose flowers have only one petal spurred at the base
herb, herbaceous plant - a plant lacking a permanent woody stem; many are flowering garden plants or potherbs; some having medicinal properties; some are pests
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Much has been made of the methane emissions of livestock, but these are lower in biodiverse pasture systems that include wild plants such as angelica, common fumitory, shepherd's purse and bird's-foot trefoil because they contain fumaric acid -- a compound that, when added to the diet of lambs at the Rowett Institute in Aberdeen, reduced emissions of methane by 70 per cent.
Fumaria officinalis L., known as common fumitory, drug fumitory, or earth smoke, is a plant of Fumaria genus that belongs to the Fumariaceae family.
glaucum/rubrum Oak-leaved Goosefoot Cirsium oleraceum Cabbage thistle Conium maculatum Hemlock Fallopia convolvulus Black bindweed Fumaria officinalis Common fumitory Galeopsis ladanum Red hemp nettle Galeopsis spec./tetrahit Large-flowered hemp nettle Galium spurium False cleavers Galium odoratum Sweetscented bedstraw Lamium sp.
2) Fumaria indica/officinalis: The genus Fumaria (Fumariaceae) consists of 46 species in the world and are known as "fumitory, earth smoke, beggary, fumus, vapor, fumittery or wax dolls" in English.
FUMARIACEAE (Fumitory Family) Dicentra cucullaria (L.) Bernh.--CW, SW; MWL; Infrequent; C = 6; BSUH 19744.
it pities us To see these antique towers and hallowed walls Split with the winter's frost, or mouldering down, Their very ruins ruin'd: the crush'd pavement, Time's marble register, deep overgrown With hemlock or rank fumitory, hides, Together with their perishable mould, The brave man's trophies, and the good man's praise, Envying the worth of buried ancestry!
In Pakistan, major weeds of wheat that cause huge economic losses are broad leaf dock (Rumex dentatus L.), swine cress (Coronopus didymus L.), emex species (Emex spinosa L.), canary grass (Phalaris minor Retz.), wild oat (Avena fatua L.), fumitory (Fumaria indica L.), lamb's quarters (Chenopodium album L.), field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis L.), blue pimpernel (Anagallis arvensis L), and bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon L.), (Tanveer and Ali, 2003).
(Broad leaf dock) and Fumaria indica (Hausskn) Pugsley (fumitory).