functional shift


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functional shift

n.
A shift in the syntactic function of a word, as when a noun serves as a verb.

func′tional shift′


n.
a change in the grammatical function of a word, as in the use of the noun input as a verb.

functional shift

- The process by which words change parts of speech without the addition of a prefix or suffix, as in soldier on, the verb, being created from soldier, the noun.
See also related terms for soldier.
References in periodicals archive ?
Researchers also found that when participants read the word producing the functional shift there was no N400 effect indicating that the meaning was accepted but a P600 effect was observed which indicates a positive re-evaluation of the word.
Extraoral examination revealed harmonious face with slightly deviated chin; functional examination revealed mandibular functional shift. On intraoral examination crossbite with 12,14,15, and 16; and there was severe crowding of the upper and lower arches with unerupted 13 and buccally placed 33 [Figure 1].
Treatment objective was to correct the functional shift of the mandible and decrowding of upper and lower arches with extraction of all first premolars and alignment of the dental midlines to the skeletal midlines.
True unilateral posterior crossbite can be distinguished from functional crossbite by observing the mandibular path of closure and by determining a crossbite in both centric relation and centric occlusion without a functional shift [2].
Shakespeare uses a linguistic technique known as functional shift that involves, for example, using a noun to serve as a verb.
They found that a technique known as 'functional shift' - where, for example, a noun serves as a verb - allows the brain to understand what a word means before it understands the word's meaning in a sentence.
Spanish loanwords may also be subject to a functional shift, sometimes involving remarkable grammatical transformations when adapted to the English verbal system.
Another relevant possibility may go to a pragmatic investigation of issues such as conversion or functional shift in English.
Functional crossbite occurs because of functional shift in mandible from centric relation to maximum intercuspation due to any premature contact of the malplaced tooth/teeth.
Shakespeare uses a linguistic phenomenon known as functional shift or word-class conversion.

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