fundamentalism


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Related to fundamentalism: communalism

fun·da·men·tal·ism

 (fŭn′də-mĕn′tl-ĭz′əm)
n.
1. A usually religious movement or point of view characterized by a return to fundamental principles, by rigid adherence to those principles, and often by intolerance of other views and opposition to secularism.
2.
a. often Fundamentalism An organized, militant Evangelical movement originating in the United States in the late 1800s and early 1900s in opposition to Protestant Liberalism and secularism, insisting on the inerrancy of Scripture.
b. Adherence to the theology of this movement.

fun′da·men′tal·ist adj. & n.
fun′da·men′tal·ist′ic adj.

fundamentalism

(ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. (Ecclesiastical Terms) Christianity (esp among certain Protestant sects) the belief that every word of the Bible is divinely inspired and therefore true
2. (Islam) Islam a movement favouring strict observance of the teachings of the Koran and Islamic law
3. strict adherence to the fundamental principles of any set of beliefs
ˌfundaˈmentalist n, adj
ˌfundaˌmentalˈistic adj

fun•da•men•tal•ism

(ˌfʌn dəˈmɛn tlˌɪz əm)

n.
1. (sometimes cap.) a movement in American Protestantism that arose in the early part of the 20th century in reaction to Modernism and that stresses the infallibility of the Bible not only in matters of faith and morals but also as a literal historical record.
2. the beliefs held by those in this movement.
3. strict adherence to any set of basic ideas or principles.
[1920–25, Amer.]
fun`da•men′tal•ist, n., adj.

fundamentalism

1. a conservative movement in 20th-century American Protestantism in reaction to modernism, asserting especially the inerrancy of the Scriptures as a historical record and as a guide to faith and morals, and emphasizing, as matters of true faith, belief in the virgin birth, the sacrifice and death of Christ upon the cross, physical resurrection, and the Second Coming.
2. an adherence to the doctrines and practices of this movement. — fundamentalist, n., adj.
See also: Protestantism
the rationale of conservative American Protestants who regard the Bible as free of errors or contradictions and emphasize its literal interpretation, usually without reference to modern scholarship. Also called literalism. — fundamentalist, n., adj.
See also: Bible
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fundamentalism - the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
Protestantism - the theological system of any of the churches of western Christendom that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
Translations
fundamentalismus
fundamentalizam
fundamentalismus
fundamentalisme
fundamentalism

fundamentalism

[ˌfʌndəˈmentəlɪzəm] Nfundamentalismo m

fundamentalism

[ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəlɪzəm] n (religious)intégrisme m

fundamentalism

fundamentalism

[ˌfʌndəˈmɛntəˌlɪzm] nfondamentalismo
References in periodicals archive ?
Toward a Civil Discourse rests on the central assumption that contemporary American political discourse is dominated by the discourses of liberalism and fundamentalism. Liberalism emphasizes rational thought rooted in an Enlightenment ideal while fundamentalism emphasizes emotionalism rooted in a Biblical reality.
Pradip Ninan Thomas, Strong Religion, Zealous Media: Christian Fundamentalism and Communication in India, New Delhi, SAGE Publications, 2009, pp.207, $39.95.
Islam, Fundamentalism and the Betrayal of Tradition, revised edition
THE 16 essays collected in Leaving Fundamentalism: Personal Stories come from deeply thoughtful folk who have rejected the culture or teachings of fundamentalism.
In this regard, several participants observed that while fundamentalism is described as the imposition of a single belief or model of behavior over society as a whole, a similar phenomenon occurs within the feminist movement, which can be exclusionary.
SURFACING: SELECTED PAPERS ON RELIGIOUS FUNDAMENTALISMS AND THEIR IMPACT ON WOMEN'S SEXUAL AND REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH AND RIGHTS, an anthology from the 2007 ARROW (Asian-Pacific Resource & Research Centre for Women) symposium, discusses the impact of Catholic, Hindu, and Islamic religious fundamentalism on Asian-Pacific women's sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Still, a study of what occasioned fundamentalism and why it took the shape it did can illumine the evangelical developments and make the tasks of comprehending and dealing with evangelicalisms more effective for Jews who want to be their allies, whether for pragmatic or for ideological reasons.
In the Beginning: Fundamentalism, the Scopes Trial and the Making of the Antievolution Movement.
One family's militant faith and the history of Fundamentalism in America
Burning to Read." English Fundamentalism and Its Reformation Opponents.
Fed Up With Fundamentalism: A Historical, Theological, and Personal Appraisal of Christian Fundamentalism.