(2013) evaluating the surgical and immunological castration methods with Bopriva[R] verified that 8.1% of the animals surgical castrated presented postoperative complications characterized by purulent discharge, myiasis, funiculitis
and hemorrhage, ffteen days after castration.
Multiple names have been applied for these lesions including inflammatory pseudotumor, chronic proliferative periorchitis, proliferative funiculitis
, fibromatous periorchitis, fibrous mesothelioma, benign fibrous paratesticular tumor, and reactive periorchitis [6, 7].
Ultrasound Doppler of the testes revealed increased vascularity suggestive of orchitis and funiculitis
in both testes.
Clients with history of diabetes, previous scrotal surgery, hernia surgery, filarial thickening of skin and filarial funiculitis
and any other scrotal pathology, which would make isolation of vas difficult were excluded from the study.
The acute phase is characterized by fever, lymphangitis, lympha-denitis, epididymo-orchitis, and funiculitis
. Headache, backache, muscle pain, insomnia, anorexia, urticarial rash, malaise, nausea and fatigue are common complaints.
Because stains for ana-plastic lymphoma kinase-1 and [beta]-catenin were negative in all the above subtypes, there seemed to be no correlation between testicular/paratesticular fibrous pseudotumour and inflammatory myofibroblastic tumour or fibromatosis seen in other organs.[sup.5] Historically, fibrous pseudotumours have been referred to by multiple names including fibromatous periorchitis, nonspecific paratesticular fibrosis, nodular fibropseudotumour, reactive periorchitis, fibroma, fibrous pseudotumour, pseudofibromatous periorchitis, proliferative funiculitis
and several others.[sup.2,5,6] However, because some lesions lack inflammatory component and are not nodular, the less specific term "fibrous pseudotumour" was preferred.[sup.5]
Examinations were not done for signs of acute lymphatic filariasis (lymphangitis, funiculitis
, and orchitis) because of differential diagnostic problems since the area is also endemic for malaria and other tropical diseases which could cause similar clinical signs.