As it is a complete system that branch along the lateral, apical and furcal
portal of exits.1 An infected root canal system space harbours microorganisms and endotoxins2, which are primary cause of apical periodontitis.3,4 Success and failure of the endodontic treatment is related to the absence and presence of apical periodontitis, consequently the mechanical and chemical aspects of treatment are aimed at removal of these microorganisms and necrotic pulpal tissue completely from the canal system.5
perforation is a mid-curvature opening into the periodontal ligament space from sub-pulpal wall and is the worst possible outcome of any cleaning and shaping procedure.
The chamber and perforation were then flushed with saline and air-dried specimens were randomly divided into three groups (n = 15) according to the perforation material used for furcal
[9.] De-Deus, G., et al., The Ability of Portland Cement, MTA, and MTA Bio to Prevent Through-and-Through Fluid Movement in Repaired Furcal
perforations in molars, the major issue is the degree of tissue damage and the possibility of communication with the gingival sulcus.
Clinical and radiographic examinations revealed a large amalgam restoration with recurrent caries and periapical and furcal
radiolucency related to tooth #46.
This paper aims to present several clinical cases treated for furcal
perforation repaired with Biodentine [tm].
On the other hand, our specimens and those reported by Vervoot (1969) showed larger measurements (total length, greatest width, length and width of somites and furcal
rami, and length of longest furcal
seta) than those found by Cressey (1983).
Palpal segment 2 at most as long as 4, usually shorter; Newstead sensilla in a patch situated in basal half of palpal segment 3; anterior katepisternal setae absent; labial furcal
In cases of complex root anatomy, multiradicular teeth, anatomy of each root and interradicular furcal
area it was rebuilt (Fig.
KANSAS CITY -- Agreed to terms with SS Rafael Furcal
on a minor league contract.