Bleeding on probing tooth mobility and furcation
involvement parameters also statistically were more significant in females than males.
Beneficial effects of PRF have been studied in various procedures, such as facial plastic surgery, (21) gingival recessions, (22) as a sole osteoconductive filling material in sinus lift procedures, (20,23) intraosseous periodontal defects, (24,25) and treatment of furcation
Other assessment include presence of caries, quality of present restoration, anatomy of the root and root canal (s), widening of periodontal ligament space, presence of radiolucency around the radiographic apex or furcation
, root resorption, and status of root apex (mature/immature).
involvement, which included Grade I buccal of the maxillary left first and second molar and ML and Grade II buccal of the maxillary left third molar
The reasons underlying TL were categorized into: (1) periodontal [teeth with severe clinical attachment loss (CAL) and deep probing depth (PD), furcation
involvement, severe mobility, and advanced bone loss that not responded satisfactorily to active therapy or any of the procedures during PMT)], (2) cariogenic (crown or root advanced destruction); (3) prosthetic (teeth incompatible with appropriate restorative procedures) (4) endodontic (non treatable endodontic pathological processes); and (5) root fracture (longitudinal and/or horizontal fractures leading to a non satisfactory crown-root ratio obtained through surgical procedures).
15) Generally, such clinical parameters include probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing (BOP), clinical attachment level (CAL), degree of furcation
involvement, extent of gingival recession, tooth mobility, and plaque score.
Pre-operative radiograph revealed an occlusal carious lesion approaching the pulpal space furcation
and peri- apical radioluceny around the mesial root.
involvement connotes the attachment loss in the bifurcation and trifurcation of the multirooted occurring due to inflammatory periodontal disease.
Presence, location and extent of furcation
The elongated pulp chamber extended beyond the cervical area reaching the furcation
1) Of all anatomic factors, the cervical enamel projection (CEP) is probably the most common and associated with attachment loss in the molar furcation
X-ray examination: Periodontal ligament widening, shadows of root furcation
and root tip, root canal calcification, and root canal absorptions were examined.