galactosamine


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gal·ac·tos·am·ine

 (găl′ək-tō′sə-mēn′, gə-lăk-)
n.
An amino derivative of galactose commonly found in glycolipids.

galactosamine

(ɡəlækˈtəʊsəˌmiːn; ɡəlækˈtəʊzəˌmiːn)
n
any amino sugar derived from galactose, especially chondrosamine
References in periodicals archive ?
The polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminotransferase 3 (GALNT3) gene codes the enzyme known variously as UDP-N-acetyl-alpha-D galactosamine or polypeptide N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-3 (GalNAc-T3), which protects intact FGF23 from catabolism and inactivation by posttranslational glycosylation (2).
We are interested in an enzyme, called HexD, which cleaves a sugar called N-acetyl galactosamine from substrates.
ARO-HBV is composed of two siRNAs, each directly conjugated to N-acetyl galactosamine to drive hepatocyte delivery.
Carbohydrates in the edible bird's nest are composed of sialic acid, which may include N-acetylneuraminic acid, galactosamine, glucosamine, or galactose [9].
Two separate IPG were purified from rat liver: one (containing DCI and galactosamine) was able to activate pyruvate dehydrogenase phosphatase and the second (containing MI and glucosamine) was able to inhibit cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) kinase and adenylate cyclase, both regulatory enzymes in FFA metabolism [47].
Feline respiratory tract epithelial cells contain sialic acid [alpha]-2,3-galactose [beta]-1,3-N-acetyl galactosamine (SA [alpha]2,3 gal) receptors for avian and equine influenza viruses and SA [alpha]2,6 gal receptors for mammalian influenza virus (13).
Each group was divided into 2 subgroups: subgroup A, in which rats were used for assessment of brain and blood parameters, and subgroup B for the assessment of the degree of encephalopathy after injection of galactosamine for 7 days (6 rats in each subgroup).
This substance, rich in chondroitin-6-sulphate, is 1 made up of glucosamine and galactosamine .
Lipids, particularly wax esters, and mucins containing glucose, galactose, glucosamine, galactosamine, and arabinose were found to be a major, consistent component of coral mucus [43, 47].
Galactosamine is known to induce hepatic injury in rats that is similar in pathophysiology to viral hepatitis and drug-induced hepatitis in humans.
Mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS) is a rare inherited biochemical disorder characterised by the accumulation of mucopolysaccharides (glycosaminoglycans) in various body tissues owing to insufficient amounts of the enzyme galactosamine sulphate (type A) and galactosidase (type B) to break them down.
Galactosamine hepatitis: key role of the nucleotide deficiency period in the pathogenesis of cell injury and cell death.