galactose


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Related to galactose: saccharose

ga·lac·tose

 (gə-lăk′tōs′)
n.
A monosaccharide, C6H12O6, commonly occurring in lactose and in certain pectins, gums, and mucilages.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

galactose

(ɡəˈlæktəʊz; -əʊs)
n
(Biochemistry) a white water-soluble monosaccharide found in lactose. Formula: C6H12O6
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ga•lac•tose

(gəˈlæk toʊs)

n.
a white sugar, C6H12O6, obtained from milk sugar and vegetable mucilage.
[1865–70; < Greek galakt-]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.galactose - a simple sugar found in lactose
saccharose, sucrose - a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
galactosa
galaktose
galaktose
galaktos

ga·lac·tose

n. galactosa, monosacárido derivado de la lactosa por acción de una enzima o un ácido mineral;
___ cataractcatarata de ___.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

galactose

n galactosa
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
One is to add lactase to the milk, which pre-digests the sugar into glucose and galactose. Another method is to use filtration techniques to mechanically separate lactose from milk.
Therefore, to avoid the diauxic process, yeast strains may be improved by: acclimation to a high concentration of sugar for a short time and manipulation of the genes involved in the galactose metabolism to enhance ethanol production (Kim et al., 2014) or application of evolutionary engineering to construct mutants with enhanced ability for bioethanol production from galactose (Kim et al., 2014; Lee et al., 2015; Ostergaard et al., 2000).
In some cases, glucose is substituted with superior carbohydrates such as galactose and other simple sugars to improve cell growth, viability and protein production (Wagner et al.
[25] demonstrated that the scaffolds immobilized by galactose retained a greater number of hepatocytes than those scaffolds which were unmodified or immobilized with galactose, due to specific interactions between hepatocytes and galactose moieties.
Osmotic Expansion of LECs Induced by Gradient Galactose. The LECs were harvested and seeded on 6-well plates (20,000/well); 24hrs later, galactose was added to final concentrations of 0, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 mM.
Lactose, which is the main source of galactose, should be eliminated from the diet during treatment.
Because of the deficiency of AY1,3 galactose in the hinge-region of IgA1 molecule it has an increased tendency of self-aggregation and/or the increased binding capacity for circulating glycoproteins.
Galactosemia (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man database code 230400) is an inborn error of galactose metabolism caused by a deficiency of one of the three main enzymes involved in galactose metabolism (1).
Chronic systemic D- galactose exposure induces memory loss neurodegeneration and oxidative damage in mice: protective effects of R-alpha-lipoic acid.
EX-CELL Glycosylation Adjust (Gal+) allows users to achieve desired N-linked glycosylation by increasing the galactose site occupancy on the oligosaccharide to a higher level.
Researchers fear the effects of high levels of lactose and galactose found in milk are to blame.