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gall 1

1. Outrageous insolence; effrontery: After borrowing my car, he had the gall to complain about its seats.
a. Bitterness of feeling; rancor.
b. Something bitter to endure: the gall of defeat.
3. See bile.

[Middle English galle, gallbladder, bile, courage, from Old English gealla, galla, bile; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

gall 2

1. A skin sore caused by friction and abrasion: a saddle gall.
a. Exasperation; vexation.
b. The cause of such vexation.
v. galled, gall·ing, galls
1. To irk or exasperate; vex: It galled me to have to wait outside.
2. To wear away or make sore by abrasion; chafe:
To become worn or sore by abrasion.

[Middle English galle, from Old English gealla, possibly from Latin galla, nutgall.]

gall 3

An abnormal growth of plant tissue caused by an organism, such as an insect, mite, or bacterium, or by a wound.

[Middle English galle, from Old French, from Latin galla, nutgall.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.galled - painful from having the skin abraded
painful - causing physical or psychological pain; "worked with painful slowness"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
With potentially disastrous effects resulting from galled fasteners seizing or even being subject to a fatigue breakage, the manufacturing industry players are advised to counter this threat.
Histochemical analyses were performed on samples embedded in polyethylenoglycol (PEG 6000) (Ferreira, Teixeira, & Isaias, 2014) and sectioned in a rotary microtome at a thickness of 25 pm, or on free-hand sections (using razor blades) obtained from recently collected non-galled and galled samples.
Fabaceae and Myrtaceae were the plant families with the greatest richness of gall (4 and 6 morphotypes, respectively), and the greatest number of galled plant species (four and three, respectively) (Table 1 ).
Galled leaves, even when reaching maturity, may behave as a sink organ rather than as a source of nutrients for the plant (Constantino et al., 2009).
Use of these plots for a parallel experiment precluded our ability of accurately measure damage at the individual ramet level for our oPposited and galled stems.
Fifteen plant families were found galled (Anacardiaceae, Asteraceae, Bignoniaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Fabaceae, Flacourtiaceae, Malvaceae, Mimosaceae, Myrtaceae, Rhamnaceae, Rubiaceae, Sapindaceae, Smilacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Verbenaceae).
The field site was surveyed, and 64 moderately or heavily galled ([approximately equal to]20% of leaves galled) trees [less than]3.5 m tall (to allow access to all parts of the tree) were selected.
They classified plants as resistant if less than 50% of the root system was galled and less than 50% of the root system was covered with egg masses.
Moreover, assuming the morphological similarity between host leaves and galls in this system, a gradient from non-galled leaves, through non-galled portions of galled leaves, and towards galls should be generated, establishing a morpho-physiological continuum.