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gall 1

1. Outrageous insolence; effrontery: After borrowing my car, he had the gall to complain about its seats.
a. Bitterness of feeling; rancor.
b. Something bitter to endure: the gall of defeat.
3. See bile.

[Middle English galle, gallbladder, bile, courage, from Old English gealla, galla, bile; see ghel- in Indo-European roots.]

gall 2

1. A skin sore caused by friction and abrasion: a saddle gall.
a. Exasperation; vexation.
b. The cause of such vexation.
v. galled, gall·ing, galls
1. To irk or exasperate; vex: It galled me to have to wait outside.
2. To wear away or make sore by abrasion; chafe:
To become worn or sore by abrasion.

[Middle English galle, from Old English gealla, possibly from Latin galla, nutgall.]

gall 3

An abnormal growth of plant tissue caused by an organism, such as an insect, mite, or bacterium, or by a wound.

[Middle English galle, from Old French, from Latin galla, nutgall.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.galled - painful from having the skin abraded
painful - causing physical or psychological pain; "worked with painful slowness"
References in periodicals archive ?
Fabaceae and Myrtaceae were the plant families with the greatest richness of gall (4 and 6 morphotypes, respectively), and the greatest number of galled plant species (four and three, respectively) (Table 1 ).
Galled leaves, even when reaching maturity, may behave as a sink organ rather than as a source of nutrients for the plant (Constantino et al.
Use of these plots for a parallel experiment precluded our ability of accurately measure damage at the individual ramet level for our oPposited and galled stems.
Among these, the agent must live within the tissue that is galled, and the gall development must span the entire reproductive and/or growth phase of the plant.
Moreover, assuming the morphological similarity between host leaves and galls in this system, a gradient from non-galled leaves, through non-galled portions of galled leaves, and towards galls should be generated, establishing a morpho-physiological continuum.
The field site was surveyed, and 64 moderately or heavily galled ([approximately equal to]20% of leaves galled) trees [less than]3.
They classified plants as resistant if less than 50% of the root system was galled and less than 50% of the root system was covered with egg masses.
There seems to be a remarkable capacity for host shifting across families and genera, resulting in a wide range of galled plants and adaptive radiation within some families/genera can then proceed (Price 2005).
High densities of parasites were obtained by removing 100 galled stems from other islands weekly and planting them in pots adjacent to our experimental plants.