gallstones


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

gallstones


click for a larger image
Formed when the cholesterol or pigment content of bile becomes crystallized. If the crystals obstruct any of the ducts, they can cause acute pain and jaundice.
References in periodicals archive ?
Gallstones are hard particles that develop in the gallbladder, an organ in the abdominal area.
1] Gallstones represent a significant burden for health care systems worldwide.
Dubai: Surgeons at Khalifa General Hospital in Umm Al Quwain have removed 1,600 gallstones of various sizes from an Emirati woman in her forties.
Gallstones Common in Seniors Gallstones are the most common form of gallbladder disease.
Researchers have found an association between a history of gallstones and an increased risk for developing coronary heart disease (CHD).
Gallstone disease and cardiovascular disease share common risk factors, but whether a history of gallstones can predict CHD has not been proven.
Qi and his coinvestigators posited, explaining that, "among patients with gallstones, especially those with cholesterol gallstones, their bile acid and lecithin secretion rates tend to be depressed and cholesterol secretion rates elevated, which could indicate enhanced cholesterol synthesis and therefore increase cardiovascular disease risk.
Eighteen months ago she nearly died after a complicated operation to remove gallstones, caused by her fat-rich diet.
The only breeds reported to be predisposed to gallstones are Miniature Schnauzers and Miniature Poodles but any dog breed is susceptible.
All the more important for owners to know that, although gallstones are believed to be rare in cats, "If an obstruction occurs, it can be severe and life threatening, requiring emergency surgery," says Meredith Miller, DVM, ACVIM, a lecturer in Small Animal Internal Medicine at Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine.
In these cases, there are no gallstones, he said and added that complications from another severe illness, such as HIV or diabetes, cause the swelling.
Patients and Methods: A total of 106 patients underwent cholecystectomy due to symptomatic gallstones and their bile was cultured for aerobic and anaerobic bacteria and culture sensitivity was performed.