galop

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gal·op

 (găl′əp) also gal·o·pade or gal·lo·pade (găl′ə-pād′, -päd′)
n.
1. A lively dance in duple time, popular in the 1800s.
2. The music for this dance.

[French, from Old French, gallop, from galoper, to gallop; see gallop.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

galop

(ˈɡæləp)
n
1. (Dancing) a 19th-century couple dance in quick duple time
2. (Classical Music) a piece of music composed for this dance
Also called: gallopade
[C19: from French; see gallop]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

gal•op

(ˈgæl əp, gæˈloʊ)

n.
1. a lively round dance in duple time.
2. music suitable for a galop.
[1830–40; < French galop; see gallop]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
The Swineherd--that is to say, the Prince (though they did not know he was anything but a true Swineherd)--let no day pass without making something, and one day he made a rattle which, when it was turned round, played all the waltzes, galops, and polkas which had ever been known since the world began.
I was dancing the galop at Torlonia's with the Countess G ." Then he drew his watch from his pocket, that he might see how time sped.
"My dear fellow," replied Albert, with perfect ease of mind, "remember, for the future, Napoleon's maxim, `Never awaken me but for bad news;' if you had let me sleep on, I should have finished my galop, and have been grateful to you all my life.
You may conclude your interrupted galop, so that you will owe no ill-will to Signor Luigi, who has, indeed, throughout this whole affair acted like a gentleman."
"Madame," said the Viscount of Morcerf, advancing towards the countess, "yesterday you were so condescending as to promise me a galop; I am rather late in claiming this gracious promise, but here is my friend, whose character for veracity you well know, and he will assure you the delay arose from no fault of mine." And as at this moment the orchestra gave the signal for the waltz, Albert put his arm round the waist of the countess, and disappeared with her in the whirl of dancers.
It's always nice to hear a few waltzes and galops one has never heard before, and it's equally nice that Marco Polo appears to be doing for Strauss, Sr., what they did for his son; that is, devote a whole series of discs to the bulk of the composer's output.
Although previously known to exist, two minor items by Liszt have become much more accessible through the publication in 1985 of a volume in the complete edition of his works.(1) The two items are the Galop de bal (S.220) and a simplified version of the famous Grand galop chromatique.