gamma


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gam·ma

 (găm′ə)
n.
1. The third letter of the Greek alphabet. See Table at alphabet.
2. The third item in a series or system of classification.
3. A unit of magnetic intensity equal to one hundred thousandth (10-5) of an oersted.
4. A unit of mass equal to one millionth (10-6) of a gram.
adj. Chemistry
1. Being in the third position relative to a designated carbon atom in an organic molecule at which an atom or a group may be substituted.
2. Referring to the third of a group of isomers, or molecules of similar origin or properties, determined arbitrarily by those who discover or classify them. Used in combination.

[Middle English, from Greek, of Phoenician origin; see gml in Semitic roots.]

gamma

(ˈɡæmə)
n
1. (Letters of the Alphabet (Foreign)) the third letter in the Greek alphabet (Γ, γ), a consonant, transliterated as g. When double, it is transcribed and pronounced as ng
2. (Education) the third highest grade or mark, as in an examination
3. (Units) a unit of magnetic field strength equal to 10–5 oersted. 1 gamma is equivalent to 0.795 775 × 10–3 ampere per metre
4. (Photography) photog television the numerical value of the slope of the characteristic curve of a photographic emulsion or television camera; a measure of the contrast reproduced in a photographic or television image
5. (Electronics) photog television the numerical value of the slope of the characteristic curve of a photographic emulsion or television camera; a measure of the contrast reproduced in a photographic or television image
6. (Atomic Physics) involving or relating to photons of very high energy: a gamma detector.
7. (Chemistry) relating to one of two or more allotropes or crystal structures of a solid: gamma iron.
8. (Chemistry) relating to one of two or more isomeric forms of a chemical compound, esp one in which a group is attached to the carbon atom next but one to the atom to which the principal group is attached
[C14: from Greek; related to Hebrew gīmel third letter of the Hebrew alphabet (probably: camel)]

Gamma

(ˈɡæmə)
n
(Astronomy) (foll by the genitive case of a specified constellation) the third brightest star in a constellation: Gamma Leonis.

gam•ma

(ˈgæm ə)

n., pl. -mas.
1. the third letter of the Greek alphabet (Ɣ, γ).
2. the third in a series of items.
3. (cap.) a star that is usu. the third brightest of a constellation.
4. a unit of weight equal to one microgram.
5. a unit of magnetic field strength, equal to 10−5 gauss.
6. a measure of the degree of development of a photographic negative or print.
[< Greek gámma]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gamma - the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabetgamma - the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabet
Greek alphabet - the alphabet used by ancient Greeks
alphabetic character, letter of the alphabet, letter - the conventional characters of the alphabet used to represent speech; "his grandmother taught him his letters"
2.gamma - a unit of magnetic field strength equal to one-hundred-thousandth of an oersted
field strength unit - an electromagnetic unit of magnetic intensity
oersted - the magnetic field strength 1 cm from a unit magnetic pole
3.gamma - Portuguese navigator who led an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497Gamma - Portuguese navigator who led an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497; he sighted and named Natal on Christmas Day before crossing the Indian Ocean (1469-1524)
Translations
أشِعَّة جَمّا
gamma
záření gama
gamma
gammagammafunktio
gamma
gamma
gammageislar
gama spinduliai
gamma stari
gamma
gama ışınları

gamma

[ˈgæmə]
A. Ngamma f
B. CPD gamma radiation Nradiación f gamma
gamma ray Nrayo m gamma

gamma

[ˈgæmə] ngamma mgamma rays nplrayons mpl gamma

gamma

:
gamma radiation
gamma ray
nGammastrahl m

gamma

[ˈgæmə] ngamma m or f

gamma

(ˈgӕmə) : gamma rays
a powerful form of radiation.

gamma

n gamma; — knife bisturí de rayos gamma
References in classic literature ?
The word {sigma iota gamma upsilon nu omicron nu}, 'lance,' is to the Cyprians a current term but to us a strange one.
{epsilon rho nu upsilon gamma epsilon sigma}, 'sprouters,' for {kappa epsilon rho alpha tau alpha}, 'horns,' and {alpha rho eta tau eta rho},
{omicron psi}, as in {mu iota alpha / gamma iota nu epsilon tau alpha iota / alpha mu phi omicron tau episilon rho omega nu / omicron psi}.
"The star you refer to is Gamma, of the constellation Cassiopeia.
Miss Longnecker must be right; it was Gamma, of the constellation Cassiopeia, and not Billy Jackson.
Suddenly I heard a shrill treble voice calling from a top-story window to some unseen being, presumably in one of the other gardens, "Gamma, me dood boy, me wery good boy, gamma; me dot on Bob's knickiebockies."
The Leksell Gamma Knife is a highly sophisticated stereotactic radiosurgery unit, which allows for a non-invasive procedure as an alternative to conventional brain surgery.
A videotape that records the experiences of Gamma Mu, members while on two trips together, obtained exclusively by The Advocate, reveals the surprising answers: Gamma Mu is about dapper men donning big hats and acting silly at a party.
For medical uses, Zylar 93-541 (the stiffer version) and 93-546 boast very low color after gamma sterilization - less than Polysar's Zylar 90 grade.
Hillel Panitch, were approached to do a trial of recombinant gamma interferon.
[ClickPress, Tue Feb 26 2019] Global Gamma Seal Lids Market - Overview In the last few years, industrial packaging has seen significant growth due to industrialization.