garefowl


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garefowl

(ˈɡɛəˌfaʊl)
n
(Animals) an extinct species of seabird (Alca impennis). Also called: great auk
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The small wings in the Cosquer paintings identify the Great Auk or Garefowl (Pinguinus impennis), now extinct, which alone among the Alcidae possessed -- like southern penguins -- wings so reduced as to make flight impossible.
The English word 'penguin' and the French pingouin used to apply to the northern Garefowl, or Great Auk; they were transferred to birds of the Southern Ocean when Europeans discovered them.
The Great Auk, or Garefowl Alca impennis, its history, archaeology and remains.