The presence of a PFO to provide arterialization of silent bubbles has been considered to be a part of an incomplete "undeserved DCS" puzzle following a safe dive profile or arterial gas embolism
without pulmonary barotrauma.
Shank, "Gas embolism
," The New England Journal of Medicine, vol.
The term gas embolism
(GE) indicates an array of clinical conditions determined by the entry of gases like air, oxygen ([O.sub.2]), carbon dioxide (C[O.sub.2]), or nitrogen (N), and so on, into the bloodstream driven by the pressure gradient existing between the atmosphere and the venous system .
Venous or arterial gas embolism
may cause hyperemia and ischemia in end organ destinations which is devastating in coronary occlusion or in the cerebral vasculature .
Attention should be paid to it even in laparoscopic hepatectomy because gas embolism
by carbon dioxide entering through the hepatic vein is problematic, but carbon dioxide embolism as an intraoperative accident has been reported to be rare in Western countries .
Pressure-Related Injury (Barotrauma): Arterial Gas Embolism
and Decompression Sickness
Gas is then distributed systemically, causing arterial gas embolism
The global hyperbaric oxygen therapy devices market segmentation is based on product types (monoplace HBOT devices, multiplace HBOT devices, topical HBOT devices), and its applications (air or gas embolism
, decompression sickness, infection treatment, wound healing, etc.).
Of 37 conversions to open procedure in the NS group ( n = 294), 25 were because of severe adhesions, six because of bleeding, four because of inadequate margins, and two because of severe gas embolism
. The rate of intraoperative transfusion was identical between the two groups (14.3% vs.
Shin, "Cardiac arrest associated with carbon dioxide gas embolism
during laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer and liver metastasis: a case report," Korean Journal of Anesthesiology, vol.
Direct insertion of the trocar has been associated with fewer insufflation-related complications, such as gas embolism
and to be a faster technique than the Veress needle technique.