gastric acid


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Noun1.gastric acid - digestive secretions of the stomach glands consisting chiefly of hydrochloric acid and mucin and the enzymes pepsin and rennin and lipase
digestive fluid, digestive juice - secretions that aid digestion
lipase - an enzyme secreted in the digestive tract that catalyzes the breakdown of fats into individual fatty acids that can be absorbed into the bloodstream
pepsin - an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
chymosin, rennin - an enzyme that occurs in gastric juice; causes milk to coagulate
References in periodicals archive ?
WEDNESDAY, July 31, 2019 (HealthDay News) -- Patients receiving gastric acid inhibitors have an increase in prescriptions of anti-allergic drugs, according to a study published online July 30 in Nature Communications.
They bring relief by reducing gastric acid and are among the most commonly used tablets in the UK.
PPIs- sold under brand names such as Prevacid, Prilosec, Nexium and Protonix- bring relief by reducing gastric acid.
PPIs are indicated for treatment of GORD, duodenal ulcers, gastric ulcers, erosions associated with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), symptoms of acid-related dyspepsia and Zollinger-Ellison syndrome (a rare condition causing over-secretion of gastric acid).
Decreased appetite, vomiting, and presumed nausea are commonly seen in cats with CKD, and it's been assumed this is due to hypergastrinemia (excess of the gastrin hormone that releases gastric acid), with subsequent increased gastric acid production and mineralization/damage to the mucosal lining of the stomach.
One possible explanation is that the gastric acid that is bothersome to people with conditions like GERD is actually an important part of the body's response to bacterial infections.
He said that the acids readily damage teeth and the gastric acid or acidic drinks (fruit juices or carbonated drinks) can erode teeth, he added.
Antacids are broken down even further into PPIs, or proton pump inhibitors, which reduce the production of acid by blocking the enzyme in the wall of the stomach that produces acid; H2 blockers, which reduce or inhibit the secretion of gastric acid by binding competitively with histamine to H2 receptors on cell membranes; antiflatulents, to help reduce gas buildup and its associated discomfort; and laxatives for relief from constipation by introducing fiber to the bowel, stimulating the bowel or softening stools.
Gastric acid and intestinal fluids that can trigger early release of their payloads can compromise their effectiveness.
Seemingly from this observation, D'Adamo concluded that type Os make too much stomach acid and are therefore evolutionarily designed to eat animal protein (which requires gastric acid for digestion).
Rats treated with its extract showed a significant dose-dependent decrease in the ulcer formation, lowered gastric acid secretion and significant inhibition of ulcer.
Interleukin-1[beta] (IL-1[beta]) is a pro-inflammatory cytokine with important proprieties, such as inhibition of gastric acid secretion and regulation of inflammatory responses to H.