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n. pl. car·di·ae (-dē-ē′) or car·di·as
1. The opening of the esophagus into the stomach.
2. The upper portion of the stomach that adjoins this opening.

[Greek kardiā, heart, cardiac orifice of the stomach; see kerd- in Indo-European roots.]


a lower oesophageal sphincter


(ˈkɑr di ə)

n., pl. -di•ae (-diˌi)
an opening that connects the esophagus and the upper part of the stomach.
[1775–85; < New Latin < Greek kardía, literally, heart]


a combining form occurring in words that denote an anomalous or undesirable action or position of the heart, as specified by the initial element: tachycardia.
[perhaps orig. representing Greek kardía heart, though coincidence with the abstract n. suffix -ia has influenced sense]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.cardia - the opening into the stomach and that part of the stomach connected to the esophagus
orifice, porta, opening - an aperture or hole that opens into a bodily cavity; "the orifice into the aorta from the lower left chamber of the heart"


n. cardia, desembocadura del esófago en el estómago.
References in periodicals archive ?
The diaphragm has a 10 mm orifice that is anchored with transmural plications in the gastric cardia.
These cancers include adenocarcinoma of the esophagus; cancers of the breast (in postmenopausal women), colon and rectum, endometrium (corpus uterus), gallbladder, gastric cardia, kidney (renal cell), liver, ovary, pancreas, and thyroid; meningioma, and multiple myeloma.
com/society/2017/feb/28/increased-risk-of-11-types-of-cancer-linked-to-being-overweight-researchers-warn) found linked to obesity included cancer of the breast, kidney, ovary, colon, endometrium, bone marrow, biliary tract system, pancreas, rectum, gastric cardia and esophagus.
Isolated tuberculosis of gastric cardia presenting as perforation peritonitis.
59) compared the results of preoperative chemoradiotherapy and preoperative chemoradiotherapy in patients with locally advanced adenocarcinoma of the lower oesophagus or gastric cardia.
Rising incidence of adenocarcinoma of the esophagus and gastric cardia.
These include esophageal adenocarcinoma, liver, lung, kidney, gastric cardia, endometrial, myeloid leukemia, and myeloma, as well as head and neck, bladder, rectal, and breast cancers.
17 November 2014 - A study published Friday in the open access, peer-reviewed online journal Molecular Cancer, seeking to establish the E3 ubiquitin ligase Nedd4-1 as a prognostic biomarker to predict the survival and guide the treatment of gastric cardia adenocarcinoma (GCA) patients, found that Nedd4-1 is an exceptional prognostic biomarker for GCA and that it may play a vital role in GCA metastasis.
Pathologists and other clinicians from Europe discuss antibody-mediated rejection of organ allografts, the maternal death autopsy, the classification and treatment of non-small-cell lung carcinoma, the pathology of obesity, the role of the histopathologist in stratified medicine for cancer, the mucosal pathology of the gastric cardia and Barrett's esophagus, the pathology of regenerative and neoplastic hepatocellular nodules, serrated lesions of the colon and rectum, the pathology of chronic inflammatory bowel disease, the diagnosis and therapy for gastrointestinal MALT (mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue) lymphoma, medical revalidation for histopathologists in the UK, molecular testing for human papillomavirus, and the role of tensins in health and disease.
Stretta is a non-ablative RF treatment that remodels the musculature of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and gastric cardia to significantly improve the antireflux barrier and reduce the frequency of transient lower sphincter relaxations (tLESRs) and reflux events.
BACKGROUND: The causes of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are poorly understood.