anthrax

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Related to gastrointestinal anthrax: Anthrax vaccine, inhalation anthrax

an·thrax

 (ăn′thrăks′)
n.
1. A serious infectious disease of mammals caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, most commonly affecting grazing animals. The disease can be transmitted to humans by handling infected animals or contaminated animal products (resulting in cutaneous lesions), by ingesting contaminated meat, or by inhaling bacterial spores.
2. pl. an·thra·ces (-thrə-sēz′) Archaic A lesion caused by anthrax.

[Middle English antrax, malignant boil, from Latin anthrax, carbuncle, from Greek.]

anthrax

(ˈænθræks)
n, pl -thraces (-θrəˌsiːz)
1. (Veterinary Science) a highly infectious and often fatal disease of herbivores, esp cattle and sheep, characterized by fever, enlarged spleen, and swelling of the throat. Carnivores are relatively resistant. It is caused by the spore-forming bacterium Bacillus anthracis and can be transmitted to man
2. (Pathology) a pustule or other lesion caused by this disease
[C19: from Late Latin, from Greek: carbuncle]

an•thrax

(ˈæn θræks)

n., pl. -thra•ces (-θrəˌsiz)
an infectious disease of cattle, sheep, and other mammals caused by the bacterium Bacillus anthracis, transmitted to humans through wool and other animal products.
[1350–1400; Middle English antrax malignant boil or growth < Latin anthrax carbuncle < Greek ánthrax a coal, carbuncle]

an·thrax

(ăn′thrăks′)
An infectious, usually fatal disease of mammals, especially cattle and sheep, caused by a bacterium. It can spread to people, causing symptoms ranging from blistering of the skin to potentially fatal infection of the lungs.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.anthrax - a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep)anthrax - a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
zoonosis, zoonotic disease - an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans
2.anthrax - a disease of humans that is not communicableanthrax - a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia
disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
cutaneous anthrax, malignant pustule - a form of anthrax infection that begins as papule that becomes a vesicle and breaks with a discharge of toxins; symptoms of septicemia are severe with vomiting and high fever and profuse sweating; the infection is often fatal
anthrax pneumonia, inhalation anthrax, pulmonary anthrax, ragpicker's disease, ragsorter's disease, woolsorter's disease, woolsorter's pneumonia - a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse
Translations
anthrax
pernarutto
antraksbedrenica
antraks

anthrax

[ˈænθræks] Nántrax m

anthrax

[ˈænθræks] nmaladie f du charbon

anthrax

n (Med, Vet) → Anthrax m (spec), → Milzbrand m; anthrax attackMilzbrandanschlag m; anthrax letterAnthrax-Brief m, Brief, der Sporen des Milzbranderregers enthält

anthrax

[ˈænθræks] n (Med) → antrace m

an·thrax

n. ántrax, infección estafilocócica causada por el Bacillus anthracis que da lugar a abscesos cutáneos profundos que pueden formar grandes pústulas. V.: Appendix C

anthrax

n carbunco, ántrax m (Ang)
References in periodicals archive ?
The other two, inhalational and gastrointestinal anthrax are uncommon forms.
While the patient recovered at the referral hospital, on December 24, the diagnosis of gastrointestinal anthrax was made when the Massachusetts Department of Public Health identified gram-positive rods from two December 15 blood cultures as B.
Ingesting the spores through tainted meat can cause gastrointestinal anthrax, which is the most deadly variety.
Gastrointestinal anthrax is associated with ingestion of contaminated meat and produces two distinct syndromes (oral-pharyngeal and abdominal).
Death rates are often high with inhalation and gastrointestinal anthrax.
Gastrointestinal anthrax may result in pharyngeal lesions, with sore throat, difficulty swallowing, marked neck swelling, and regional enlargement of the lymph nodes, or with intestinal infection characterized by fever, severe abdominal pain, massive accumulation of serous fluids in the abdominal cavity, vomiting of blood, and bloody diarrhea.
Gastrointestinal anthrax, the least common form, is characterized by nausea, anorexia, fever, and vomiting, followed by abdominal pain, severe diarrhea, and hematemesis.
Two other forms are inhalation and gastrointestinal anthrax.
II-4 Biological Agents/Diseases with Potential for Biological Warfare II-4 Properties of Biological Agents with Potential for Use as Weapons of Mass Destruction II-5 Anthrax II-6 The Anthrax History II-6 Types of Anthrax II-7 Inhalational AnthraxII-7 Cutaneous Anthrax II-7 Gastrointestinal Anthrax II-7 The Anthrax Symptoms, Treatment, and Vaccination II-7 Smallpox II-8 The Smallpox History II-8 Plague II-9 The Plague History II-9 Types of Plague II-9 Bubonic Plague II-9 Pneumonic Plague II-10 Botulism II-10 Tularemia II-11 The Tularemia HistoryII-12 Viral Hemorrhagic Fevers II-12 Ebola Hemorrhagic Fever II-12 Marburg Hemorrhagic Fever II-13 Lassa Hemorrhagic Fever II-13 Q Fever II-14 Brucellosis II-15 Ricin II-16 Others II-16
Symptoms consistent with gastrointestinal anthrax, including abdominal cramps, vomiting, and respiratory distress, developed in this person after she ingested contaminated meat.

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