gauge boson


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gauge boson

n.
Any of a subset of bosons that are elementary particles and mediate one of the four fundamental forces of nature. The gauge bosons include the graviton, photon, gluons, and intermediate vector bosons.

gauge boson

n
(Nuclear Physics) physics a boson that mediates the interaction between elementary particles. There are several types: photons for electromagnetic interactions, W and Z intermediate vector bosons for weak interactions, and gravitons for gravitational interactions
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gauge boson - a particle that mediates the interaction of two elementary particles
boson - any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics but not the Pauli exclusion principle; all nuclei with an even mass number are bosons
gluon - a gauge boson that mediates strong interaction among quarks
graviton - a gauge boson that mediates the (extremely weak) gravitational interactions between particles
intermediate vector boson - a gauge boson that mediates weak interactions between particles
photon - a quantum of electromagnetic radiation; an elementary particle that is its own antiparticle
References in periodicals archive ?
LR]-type interaction can arise at the tree level in models containing a new charged gauge boson with right-handed couplings to the quarks (as in left-right symmetric models), in the SM model if it is extended to contain new heavy "exotic" quarks which have right-handed couplings to the W and which mix with the known quarks, and in models with leptoquarks.
The main objective of this project is to investigate important aspects of the theory, the so- called Standard Model, that have not yet been tested experimentally, such as the dynamics of the Higgs sector and its effects to the electroweak gauge boson self-interactions The self-couplings of the massive gauge bosons, W and Z, as well as their electromagnetic interactions will be studied in all experimentally accessible channels, using very accurate Standard Model predictions, including higher- order corrections, non-resonant contributions and finite width effects.
We study the anomalous coupling of Higgs bosons with the neutral gauge boson Z and [gamma] in the context of an effective theory with six dimension invariant operators under SU (2) [cross product] U (1) symmetry.
Derivation of gauge boson masses from the dynamics of Levy flows.
At extremely conditions, the gauge boson force field undergoes a quantum space phase transition to a "hedge boson force field", consisting of a "vacuum" core surrounded by a hedge boson shell, like a bubble with boundary.
The Weak and the Strong geometric coupling constant strength, defined as the probability for a particle to emit and later absorb a SU(2), SU(3) gauge boson, can both be obtained by using the main formula derived from Geometric Probability (as ratios of dimensionless measures/volumes) after one identifies the suitable homogeneous domains and their Shilov boundaries to work with.
Four fundamental forces (Electromagnetic, Weak, Strong and Gravity) acting through corresponding quantum particles known as gauge bosons (photon for electromagnetic, W and Z particles for weak force, gluon for strong force and yet to be discovered illusive graviton for the force of gravity) together are the cause of actions that shape and govern the universe.
Its only piece lacking direct experimental observation is the mechanism of electroweak symmetry breaking, providing with mass the weak gauge bosons and it is related to the appearance of the SM Higgs boson.