Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia.


also gage  (gāj)
1. A standard dimension, quantity, or capacity, as:
a. The distance between the two rails of a railroad.
b. The distance between two wheels on an axle.
c. The interior diameter of a shotgun barrel as determined by the number of lead balls of a size exactly fitting the barrel that are required to make one pound. Often used in combination: a 12-gauge shotgun.
d. The thickness or diameter of sheet metal, wire, or a similar manufactured material or piece.
e. The fineness of knitted cloth as measured by the number of stitches per a given unit of length.
2. A standard or scale of measurement: The capacity of barrels was measured according to the gauge in use at the time.
3. An instrument for measuring the dimensions, capacity, or amount of something: a pressure gauge; a fuel gauge.
4. A means of estimating or evaluating; a test: a gauge of character.
5. Nautical The position of a vessel in relation to another vessel and the wind.
tr.v. gauged, gaug·ing, gaug·es also gaged or gag·ing or gag·es
1. To measure the dimensions, capacity, proportions, or amount of (something), especially by means of a gauge: gauged the thickness of the metal part.
2. To evaluate or estimate: gauge a person's interest.
3. To adapt or make conform to a specified standard: pressure valves that are gauged to industry requirements.
4. To chip or rub (bricks or stones) to size.
1. Of or relating to a gauge.
2. Physics Invariant under a local transformation.

[Middle English, from Old North French, gauging rod, of Germanic origin.]

gauge′a·ble adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
According to researchers and experts, the scale of the impact of water scarcity may not gaugeable, but the situation calls for a water emergency in the country, and multifarious measures under a national water management policy.
(9) According to the authors, the concept of the subject to be seized by law must relate to the human person specifically considered, and not the subject of rights codified, fruit of the "pandectista" rationality that reduces life to abstract legal relationship, in such a way that the human being dignity "gaugeable in meeting the needs that enable the subject to develop effective freedom--not only present in a formal context, but relies too in the effective presence of the material conditions of existence that ensure the viability of the real exercise of freedom.
* A 1/2" gaugeable medium-pressure tube fitting end connections or 1/2" female NPT.