The acquisition of genderlect
. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 327, 101-113.
(9) Although spoken primarily by Turkish-German males, the primary ethnolect has undergone de-ethnicization (and also lost its character as a genderlect
) in the multi-lingual and multi-ethnic neighborhoods of some large German cities, where it is spoken by non-Turkish minority youth and German youth of non-migrant backgrounds (Auer, "'Turkenslang,'" pp.
Explanations of these associations have tended to draw upon the genderlect
or difference theory rooted in the work of Deborah Tannen (Gender and Discourse), the muted group or dominance theory rooted in the work of Cheris Kramarae (Women and Men) and Robin Lakoff (Talking Power), or a combination of these two schools of thought (e.g., Eckert and McConnell-Ginet, THINK PRACTICALLY).
Mother-father differences may also reflect adult male and female genderlect
characteristics and preferred interaction styles.
The gender of the author or the genderlect
of a text seems indeed to have been of no particular contemporary significance.
In 1975, the feminist-linguist Robin Lakoff published her groundbreaking Language and Woman's Place, a description of the genderlect
she called "women's language": euphemism, modesty, hedging, polite forms of address, weak expletives, tag questions, empty adjectives and intensives, and hypercorrect grammar were said to characterize women's speech.
On Women's languages as "genderlects
" (Sexlekte), see H.
Chapter 2 introduces prerequisites to the research such as the difference between sex and gender and the existence of genderlects
. Chapter 3 ascribes the miscommunication between the genders to differences in culture.
On the subject of genderlects
, Irigaray finds that the long exclusion of women from public life explains the differences she detects in women's and men's discursive practices.
According to Deborah Tannen (1990), who refers to these gender-based differences in language as "genderlects
," women and men in the United States have different linguistic styles and communication goals.
Instead of different dialects, it has been said they would speak different genderlects
(Tannen, 1990, p.
Part 1, "Overview of Research," includes "New Directions in Language Anxiety Research" (Dolly Jesusita Young) and "Native Genderlects
and Their Relation to Gender Issues in Second Language Classrooms: The Sex of Our Students as a Sociolinguistic Variable" (Lydie E.