resources" in developing methods to detect gene doping
. (49) It
Stirling University is to host an event featuring two scientists who are developing a technique to detect gene doping
Recently, gene doping
has been identified as a major problem in sports, and the extent of its long-term health consequences is difficult to predict, but likely to be substantial .
Called doping, this type of cheating "is a constant battle," notes Malene Lindholm of Sweden's Karolinska Institute, "especially in elite sports." Doping with amphetamines after World War 11 has given way to steroids and now, possibly, "gene doping
." This last tactic could help the body make more of an endurance-enhancing protein call EPO.
With "gene doping
" close to becoming a reality, WADA is already working to counter it.
Now, in the "gene doping
age", the new frontier of doping is the use of cells, genes, genetic elements, or the modulation of gene expression with the aim to increase the performance and not easy to detect [25-27].
One can only conclude that the cheats will stay ahead in the arms race, especially with the advent of the CRISPR technique to achieve gene doping
. On the positive side, this technique will eventually be used to reduce injuries and improve the health of athletes and non-athletes.
He hinted about examples of successful researches like EPO (2000), Ara-Nesp (2002), HBOCs (2004), 5-alfa reductase inhibitors (2004), Athletes' Biological Passport, Gene doping
detection (Baoutina A et al 2013).
Another issue important to the future of antidoping efforts is the use and detection of gene doping
. (190) Gene doping
refers to the use of somatic gene cell transfers to enhance athletic performance.
In this regard, it is said that gene doping
is an outgrowth of genetic therapy.
Van Hilvoorde, I., Vos, R., De Wert, G., 2007, Flopping, Klapping and Gene Doping
: Dichotomies Between 'Natural' and 'Artificial' in Elite Sport, in Social Studies of Science, 37(2), 173-200.
Arne Ljungqvist will talk on topics including "Natural Substances for Performance Enhancement in Sport", "Gene Doping
" and "Forty Years Inside Anti-Doping".