genetic code


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genetic code

n.
1. The set of DNA and RNA sequences that determine the amino acid sequences used in the synthesis of an organism's proteins. It is the biochemical basis of heredity and nearly universal in all organisms.
2. The set of 64 codons corresponding to the 20 amino acids used for protein synthesis and as the signals for starting and stopping protein synthesis.

genetic coding n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

genetic code

n
(Biochemistry) biochem the order in which the nitrogenous bases of DNA are arranged in the molecule, which determines the type and amount of protein synthesized in the cell. The four bases are arranged in groups of three in a specific order, each group acting as a unit (codon), which specifies a particular amino acid. See also messenger RNA, transfer RNA
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

genet′ic code′


n.
the biochemical instructions that translate the genetic information present as a linear sequence of nucleotide triplets in messenger RNA into the correct linear sequence of amino acids for the synthesis of a particular peptide chain or protein. Compare codon, translation (def. 6).
[1960–65]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ge·net·ic code

(jə-nĕt′ĭk)
The sequence of organic bases (called nucleotides) in DNA and RNA that determines the structure of amino acids in a protein.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic code - the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
triplet code - the normal version of the genetic code in which a sequence of three nucleotides codes for the synthesis of a specific amino acid
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations
genetikai kód

genetic code

ncodice m genetico
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995
References in periodicals archive ?
This discovery was made by developing a type of advanced microscopy that directly visualizes the translation of the genetic code in a living cell.
[USA], May 2 (ANI): Recent findings have discovered links between genetic code and birth weight of human beings which explain how mothers' and babies' genes influence birth weight.
A team reported in the journal (https://www.nature.com/articles/nature24659.epdf?referrer_access_token=p_VWQNyfUar2tBdz6L-01tRgN0jAjWel9jnR3ZoTv0MpyHZC2mzAMZAVL8Y-8ZJeelWxu2XuxQUVBg0eGtnScBRkMDrZ2XQE-n4cojoEh8dWJZIS_25vMZl2R1N6zdXwnEk7jYDxOdpojLYIsvpeE3pncnWdLtNg1tyyas7tSDtJt3ZF7EgnC7qf-CteY997MD6quJTogAjqe04F5QqPm7gJDVWIiGPLuP49kWMvUTDJNmXOuAhkzmmuzkKssb52) Nature that it gave two new base elements of genetic code to a group of microorganisms and got the creatures to use them.
GENE editing has taken a leap forward with a new technique to fix mutations in the genetic code responsible for thousands of inherited diseases.
AN international team of scientists, including researchers at Durham University, have revealed the genetic code of pigs for the first time, providing new insights into their domestication and the movements of early humans.
A scientific team at King Faisal headed by senior cancer researcher Khawla Al-Karia uncovered the genetic code of more than 500 cases of thyroid cancer.
IF YOU are a science geek and wish to carry your genetic code in your pen drive, you will soon be able to do so for ` 50,000.
Across 15 per cent of their genetic code, or genome, gorillas are closer to humans than chimpanzees.
The techniques of synthetic biology have the potential to rewrite an organism's actual genetic code, allowing synthetic biology to achieve more exact bioengineering results than current genetic engineering techniques.
Despite vast differences in the genetic code across individuals and ethnicities, the human brain shows a a[euro]oeconsistent molecular architecture,a[euro] say researchers supported by the National Institutes of Health.