genetic engineering


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genetic engineering

n.
Scientific alteration of the structure of genetic material in a living organism. It involves the production and use of recombinant DNA and has been employed to create bacteria that synthesize insulin and other human proteins.

genetic engineer n.

genetic engineering

n
(Genetics) alteration of the DNA of a cell for purposes of research, as a means of manufacturing animal proteins, correcting genetic defects, or making improvements to plants and animals bred by humans

genet′ic engineer′ing


n.
1. the development and application of scientific procedures and technologies that permit direct manipulation of genetic material in order to alter the hereditary traits of a cell, organism, or population.
2. a technique producing unlimited amounts of otherwise unavailable or scarce biological products by introducing DNA from living organisms into bacteria and then harvesting the product, as human insulin produced in bacteria by the human insulin gene. Also called biogenetics.
[1965–70]
genet′ic engineer′, n.

genetic engineering

The science of altering and cloning genes to produce a new trait in an organism or to make a biological substance, such as a protein or hormone. Genetic engineering mainly involves the creation of recombinant DNA, which is then inserted into the genetic material of a cell or virus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genetic engineering - the technology of preparing recombinant DNA in vitro by cutting up DNA molecules and splicing together fragments from more than one organism
biotech, biotechnology - the branch of molecular biology that studies the use of microorganisms to perform specific industrial processes; "biotechnology produced genetically altered bacteria that solved the problem"
Translations
هَنْدّسَه وراثِيَّه
genetické inženýrství
genteknik
génsebészetgéntechnológia
genetické inžinierstvo
genetik mühendisliği

genetic engineering

ningegneria genetica

gene

(dʒiːn) noun
any of the basic elements of heredity, passed from parents to their offspring. If the children are red-haired, one of their parents must have a gene for red hair.
genetic (dʒəˈnetik) adjective
of genes or genetics. a genetic abnormality.
genetic engineering noun
the science of changing the genetic features of animals and plants.
genetics (dʒəˈnetiks) noun singular
the science of heredity.
References in periodicals archive ?
Increased public investment in technologies like genetic engineering is a vital piece of that, according to a report published Wednesday by the World Resources Institute (WRI).
Researchers in biochemistry, biotechnology, and genetic engineering describe recent biotechnological and molecular tools and techniques for increasing the production and improving the quality of rice.
Khan Institute of Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering (KIBGE).
While genetic engineering of embryos could help prevent and eliminate lethal diseases, there are serious concerns about its misuse.
It would have meant a chance for plant cultivation to finally catch up with research in the United States, which is currently leading in the field of "green" genetic engineering, and close the giant technological gap between the two continents.
Synthetic biology--or synbio--is a new set of genetic engineering techniques that include using synthetic DNA to reengineer organisms, such as yeast and algae, to produce substances they would not normally produce.
When it comes to genetic engineering, however, science seems to matter less than politics.
Transhumanist dreams and dystopian nightmares; the promise and peril of genetic engineering.
By Maxwell J Mehlman Cleveland / For thousands of years, humans have used genetic engineering to control the evolution of plants and animals.
Beginning July 1, 2015, any food offered for retail sale in Washington would be misbranded "if it is, or may have been, entirely or partly produced with genetic engineering and that fact is not disclosed as follows:
Raleigh, NC, November 02, 2012 --(PR.com)-- Genetic Enginering-2013 is designed to bring together eminent scientists, researchers, leading experts and scholars to share their experiences and views about the recent advancements and trends in the field of Genetic Engineering.