genetic science


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Related to genetic science: genetic engineering
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Noun1.genetic science - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organismsgenetic science - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
transformation - (genetics) modification of a cell or bacterium by the uptake and incorporation of exogenous DNA
hybridisation, hybridization, hybridizing, interbreeding, crossbreeding, crossing, cross - (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids
chromosome mapping, mapping - (genetics) the process of locating genes on a chromosome
carrier - (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring
amphidiploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having a diploid set of chromosomes from each parent
diploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having the normal amount of DNA per cell; i.e., two sets of chromosomes or twice the haploid number
haploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having only one complete set of chromosomes
heteroploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having a chromosome number that is not an even multiple of the haploid chromosome number for that species
polyploid - (genetics) an organism or cell having more than twice the haploid number of chromosomes
crossbreed, hybrid, cross - (genetics) an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species; "a mule is a cross between a horse and a donkey"
vector - (genetics) a virus or other agent that is used to deliver DNA to a cell
cosmid - (genetics) a large vector that is made from a bacteriophage and used to clone genes or gene fragments
character - (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes
unit character - (genetics) a character inherited on an all-or-none basis and dependent on the presence of a single gene
hereditary pattern, inheritance - (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents
heterosis, hybrid vigor - (genetics) the tendency of a crossbred organism to have qualities superior to those of either parent
gene linkage, linkage - (genetics) traits that tend to be inherited together as a consequence of an association between their genes; all of the genes of a given chromosome are linked (where one goes they all go)
fertilized ovum, zygote - (genetics) the diploid cell resulting from the union of a haploid spermatozoon and ovum (including the organism that develops from that cell)
heterozygote - (genetics) an organism having two different alleles of a particular gene and so giving rise to varying offspring
homozygote - (genetics) an organism having two identical alleles of a particular gene and so breeding true for the particular characteristic
cistron, gene, factor - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity; "genes were formerly called factors"
allele, allelomorph - (genetics) either of a pair (or series) of alternative forms of a gene that can occupy the same locus on a particular chromosome and that control the same character; "some alleles are dominant over others"
haplotype - (genetics) a combination of alleles (for different genes) that are located closely together on the same chromosome and that tend to be inherited together
XX - (genetics) normal complement of sex chromosomes in a female
XXX - (genetics) abnormal complement of three X chromosomes in a female
XXY - (genetics) abnormal complement of sex hormones in a male resulting in Klinefelter's syndrome
XY - (genetics) normal complement of sex hormones in a male
XYY - (genetics) abnormal complement of sex hormones in a male who has two Y chromosomes
sex chromosome - (genetics) a chromosome that determines the sex of an individual; "mammals normally have two sex chromosomes"
Mendel's law - (genetics) one of two principles of heredity formulated by Gregor Mendel on the basis of his experiments with plants; the principles were limited and modified by subsequent genetic research
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
cytogenetics - the branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
genomics - the branch of genetics that studies organisms in terms of their genomes (their full DNA sequences)
proteomics - the branch of genetics that studies the full set of proteins encoded by a genome
molecular genetics - the branch of genetics concerned with the structure and activity of genetic material at the molecular level
pharmacogenetics - the branch of genetics that studies the genetically determined variations in responses to drugs in humans or laboratory organisms
recombination - (genetics) a combining of genes or characters different from what they were in the parents
chromosomal mutation, genetic mutation, mutation - (genetics) any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism
References in periodicals archive ?
PURELIFE focuses on the development of cutting-edge nutraceuticals based on global genetic science.
Before that, he served as the President of the Genetic Science Division for Thermo Fisher Scientific.
Prime Minister Modi told a gathering of doctors in Mumbai in 2014, "According to Mahabharath Karna was not born out of his mother's womb which means that in ancient India genetic science was present.
International experts in genetic science said they hoped that Monday's report was only the initial result of investigations into He and that more action would be taken.
As genetic science advances--specifically with the experimental protein known as CRISPR that can "cut" chunks of DNA and essentially edit the strands--and with the rising popularity of plastic surgery among teens, Stronger, Faster, and More Beautiful is a chilling, necessary look at a near-future world where the quest for human improvement runs amok.
Dr Richard Cawthon of the University of Utah Genetic Science Learning has identified the secret in the Telomere which are stretches of DNA found at the ends of our chromosomes.
The UAE government has launched an initiative to set up state of the art Genome Centre to utilise the benefits of genetic science and to implement modern and innovative techniques, which includes DNA sequencing, profiling and micro-array.
Some significant findings of DEGREES OF MIXTURE, DEGREES OF FREEDOM are that genetic science changed the language people used to talk about race.
Genetic science appears to answer with a "no." From genetic data, the population size of our ancestors at different times is estimated.
Far sooner than anyone would have thought possible, the real-world benefits of genetic science and access to the data itself are available in Kenya, courtesy of Plasma Diagnostics.
But family lawyers revealed a hospital in Rome wanted to take Charlie in and use "cutting edge genetic science" to treat him.
This event will provide the unique opportunity to hear how cutting edge genetic science, proved that the skeletal remains found beneath a Leicester car park were in fact those of the long-lost king.

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