4 Other mandibular depressor muscles include the geniohyoid
, mylohyoid, and the digastric muscles.
muscle properties and myosin heavy chain composition are altered after short-term intermittent hypoxic exposure.
7 The extraoral approach is generally preferred in the case of median geniohyoid
or very large sublingual cysts, whereas the intraoral approach is typically used for smaller sublingual cysts.
Marked activity occurred in the anterior belly of the digastric and the mylohyoid muscle, followed by moderate activity of the geniohyoid
The changes in upper airway diameter during respiration is thought to primarily result from increased activation (during inhalation) and decreased activation (during exhalation) of pharyngeal dilator muscles such as the geniohyoid
, sternohyoid, genioglossus, and stylopharyngeus muscles.
2) Ectopic thyroid tissue also found in geniohyoid
, mylohyoid (Sublingual thyroid), above hyoid bone (Pre-laryngeal thyroid) rarely mediastinum of pericardial sac, heart, breast, pharynx, esophagus, trachea, lung, duodenum, mesentery of small intestine and adrenal gland.
When applying NMES, mylohyoid, thyrohyoid, suprahyoid, infrahyoid, and geniohyoid
muscle contractions are tried to be activated through the electrodes placed on the submental and laryngeal regions in the anterior neck (1,2,13).
muscles lie deep to both the interhyoideus and intermandibularis, extending rostral from their origin at the posterior margin of the interhyoideus to their midline insertion on the lower jaw.
They can be sublingual, geniohyoid
and lateral (3).
Bu yolla agzin acilmasina katkida bulundugu dusunulen geniohyoid
, digastrik ve mylohyoid kaslarin etkilendigi dusunulmektedir.
The genial tubercles also bear the attachments of the geniohyoid
muscles, whereas the anterior bellies of the digastrics attach laterally along the posterior aspect of the mandibular symphysis.
An external incision was made between the mentum and the hyoid bone, and a pocket deep to the geniohyoid
muscle was entered, yielding 40 ml of foul-smelling liquefied blood clot.