In short, if a farmer settles on the shore of Lake Haukijarvi in Finland, the farm is given a metonymic transferred name Haukijarvi, but in Estonia Lake Nikerjarv has given its closest farm the genitival
secondary name Nikerjarve.
First, the word El appears in the book of Genesis mostly in the genitival
construction and linked to certain places, which makes it unlikely to function as a proper name.
The term nisu ("life") is usually spelled syllabically and always occurs in a genitival
relationship with another noun (e.g., a divine or royal name, ili/ili ["god/gods"], or sarri ["king"]).
Examples of such genitival
forms are adduced from living modern language (mostly from the internet) and the process is analyzed historically and structurally.
Their topics include subjects, argument structure and argument structure alternations, clitic pronouns, voice and voice alterations, causative and perception verbs, copular and existential constructions, negation and polarity, dislocations and framing, cleft constructions, coordination and correlatives, gender and number, determination and quantification, adjectival and genitival
modification, syntheticity and analyticity, and basic constituent orders.
In TB languages as well as in many other head-final languages of the world, nouns are typically found to grammaticalize as case-marking postpositions from appositional or genitival
constructions that initially encode concrete spatial meanings, such as location, source and goal (DeLancey 1984: 62; Aristar 1991; LaPolla 1995: 214, 2004; and Coupe 2011b: 506).
YESTERDAY'S SOLUTION: alevin; alive; anvil; evil; gave; gavel; genitival
; give; given; glaive; invite; lave; laving; leaving; levant; levin; live; liven; living; naive; native; nave; navel; nival; vail; vailing; vain; vale; valet; valeting; valine; vane; vang; veal; vegan; veil; veiling; vein; venal; venial; vent; ventil; vial; vigil; vigilant; VIGILANTE; vile; vina; vine; vintage; vital.
For example, even for inflected nouns genitive--and only genitive--requires the presence of the nominal (elsewhere 'genitival
article' or 'possessive article') AL, (16) which is an obligatory constituent of GenP if the specified NP is indefinite (irrespective of the definiteness/indefiniteness of the genitive), as shown in (9):
If the extra argument in a sentence like (4b) were a possessor, it would be a mystery why its use renders sentences deviant if the alleged possessor is not alive anymore, since bona fide possessors in genitival
constructions as in (4a) are not deviant if their referents are not alive or sentient anymore.
"What I am proposing is that relativity as applicable to God means that God is not considered as Being, as Substance, as the more or less transcendent Absolute, but as 'genitival
Passive constructions are such; they cannot function as genitival
s-modifiers of the subject either.
Noun-noun compounds would generally be avoided in Modern Irish in favor of phrases in which one noun depends in genitival
relationship from the other, but nonetheless O Riordain adopts flescbuille, giving the modern equivalent lascbhuille (rather than buille laisc, 'a blow of a whip', or the like).