In sections on discovery and disputes, the Hebrew manuscripts and rabbinic circles, the poetry of the book, and the language of the book they consider such topics as some first editions of Genizah
manuscripts of Ben Sira: approaches and reproaches, the Persian glosses and the text of Manuscript B revisited, the synoptic problem and the reception of the Ben Sira manuscripts, the theological and philosophical concepts of Ben Sira, and the contribution of the language of the Book of Ben Sira to biblical Hebrew philology.
Textevolve will find targum manuscripts that have been lost in un-catalogued or poorly catalogued collections, and will analyse for the first time recently discovered manuscripts from the european genizah
. Since the available primary sources define the boundaries of any discipline, this is the second major way in which textevolve goes beyond the state of the art.
Arabic Legal and Administrative Documents in the Cambridge Genizah
Cohen draws from a wealth of Genizah
documents, Gaonic responsa, and Islamic legal texts to illustrate the nature of the mercantile system that prevailed from at least the tenth century, known in some Gaonic sources as the "custom of the merchants" (hukm al-tujjar).
A typical love spell inscribed on an amulet discovered in the Cairo Genizah
reads, "You, all the holy knots and all the praiseworthy letters, kindle and burn the heart of Tarshekhin son of Amat-Allah in longing after Gadb daughter of Tuffaha." There were also detailed spells such as one described in a recipe also found in the Cairo Genizah
: "For love.
In some of the texts it was possible to prove the tripartite structure based on comparisons between Genizah
fragments or binding fragments, alternative versions provided by early and later commentators to the printed version, or by using comparisons between the printed version and parallel sources of the Babylonian Talmud and Yerushalmi Talmud, the literature of the Geonim, etc.
These purposes included carrying special leaves on the person and employing it in accordance with religious practices like the mezuzah or genizah
(literally, to hide, to put away), a repository that held illegible, obsolete, or fragmentary Hebrew books and documents of religious and sometimes nonreligious content.
This is life in Cairo between the 10th and 13th centuries, captured in 193,000 scraps of paper found in an ancient storeroom, a genizah
, in which tradition demanded that discarded writings were to be hidden away.
is an area in a synagogue or Jewish cemetery where sacred texts that are in disuse are stored.
Stem corrected the reading found in Hartwig Hirschfeld's edition ("Arabic Portion of the Cairo Genizah
at Cambridge," Jewish Quarterly Review 15 [1902-03]: 690), which was tahillu fi-l-asya, to the reading that we have given above.
Stefan Reif of the University of Cambridge, who exposed Cairo Genizah
and its discoveries to the world, told Ynet about the revolution it created in the perception of Judaism.
He gives space to the accidental discovery of a trove of documents found in a storeroom (Genizah
) in a Cairo synagogue, among them an assortment of papers that have thrown light on everyday life and the nuts and bolts of trade and commerce, especially the trans-Mediterranean networks of merchants and traders.