genome


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Related to genome: Human genome, Genome sequencing

ge·nome

 (jē′nōm′)
n.
1. The total genetic content contained in a haploid set of chromosomes in eukaryotes, in a single chromosome in bacteria or archaea, or in the DNA or RNA of viruses.
2. An organism's genetic material.


ge·no′mic (-nō′mĭk) adj.

genome

(ˈdʒiːnəʊm) or

genom

n
1. (Genetics) the full complement of genetic material within an organism
2. (Biology) all the genes comprising a haploid set of chromosomes
[C20: from German Genom, from Gen gene + (chromos)ome]
genomic adj

ge•nome

(ˈdʒi noʊm)

n.
a full haploid set of chromosomes with all its genes; the total genetic constitution of a cell or organism.
[1925–30; < German]
ge•no′mic, adj.

ge·nome

(jē′nōm)
The total amount of genetic information in the chromosomes of an organism, including its genes and DNA sequences. The genome of eukaryotes is made up of a single, haploid set of chromosomes that is contained in the nucleus of every cell and exists in two copies in the chromosomes of all cells except reproductive cells. The human genome is made up of about 30,000 genes. ♦ The scientific study of genomes is called genomics (jə-nō′mĭks).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genome - the ordering of genes in a haploid set of chromosomes of a particular organism; the full DNA sequence of an organism; "the human genome contains approximately three billion chemical base pairs"
ordering, ordination, order - logical or comprehensible arrangement of separate elements; "we shall consider these questions in the inverse order of their presentation"
Translations
genom
genomiperimä
génállománygenom
erfðamengi
ゲノム
genoom
genom
genoma
genom
genom

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] Ngenoma m

genome

[ˈdʒiːnəʊm] ngénome m

genome

n (Biol) → Genom nt

genom

, genome
n. genoma, el conjunto básico completo de cromosomas haploides en un organismo.

genome

n genoma m; human — genoma humano
References in periodicals archive ?
KARACHI -- A WHO expert advisory committee has approved the first phase of a new global registry to track research on human genome editing.
Addressing the second meeting of the committee on effective governance and oversight of human genome editing, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, WHO's Director-General, said, "Since our last meeting, some scientists have announced their wish to edit the genome of embryos and bring them to term.
Un comite consultatif d'experts de l'Organisation mondiale de la sante (OMS) a approuve la premiere phase d'un nouveau registre mondial pour suivre les recherches sur le genome humain et son edition.
M2 PRESSWIRE-August 7, 2019-: Digital Genome Market Growth Insight 2019, Global Analysis, Size, Share, Leading Players, Emerging Technology Trends, Merger, Acquisition, Opportunity, With Regional Outlook To 2027
MBRU is setting up massive genomic infrastructure to conduct large-scale whole genome sequencing.
The global genome editing market is projected to reach USD 6.28 Billion by 2022 from USD 3.19 Billion in 2017, at a CAGR of 14.5% during the forecast period.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Identifying complex mutations in the structure of an organism's genome has been difficult.
Now, a new technique, CRISPR-Cas, offers both precision and the ability to modify the genome text at several places simultaneously.
- The global genome editing/genome engineering market is projected to reach USD 6.28bn by 2022 from USD 3.19bn in 2017, at a CAGR of 14.5% during the forecast period, according to a new market research report from MarketsandMarkets.
To better understand these bacteria and develop more effective treatments, University of California San Diego researchers examined not just a single representative staph genome, but the "pan-genome"--the genomes of 64 different strains that differ in where they live, the types of hosts they infect, and their antibiotic resistance profiles.
Investigators examined the genomes from 26 populations across Africa, East and South Asia, Europe, and the Americas, identifying about 88,000,000 sites in the human genome that vary among people, establishing a database available to researchers as a standard reference for how the genomic makeup of people varies in populations and around the world.