gentian


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Related to gentian: gentian violet

gen·tian

 (jĕn′shən)
n.
1. Any of numerous plants of the family Gentianaceae and especially the genus Gentiana, characteristically having opposite leaves and showy, often blue flowers.
2. The dried rhizome and roots of a yellow-flowered European gentian, G. lutea, sometimes used as a tonic.

[Middle English gencian, from Old French genciane, from Latin gentiāna, perhaps after Gentius, second-century bc king of Illyria.]

gentian

(ˈdʒɛnʃən)
n
1. (Plants) any gentianaceous plant of the genera Gentiana or Gentianella, having blue, yellow, white, or red showy flowers
2. (Plants) the bitter-tasting dried rhizome and roots of Gentiana lutea (European or yellow gentian), which can be used as a tonic
3. (Plants) any of several similar plants, such as the horse gentian
[C14: from Latin gentiāna; perhaps named after Gentius, a second-century bc Illyrian king, reputedly the first to use it medicinally]

gen•tian

(ˈdʒɛn ʃən)

n.
1. any plant of the gentian family, esp. the genus Gentiana, having usu. blue but sometimes yellow, white, or red flowers.
2. the root of a European species of gentian, G. lutea, used as a tonic.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin gentiāna]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gentian - any of various plants of the family Gentianaceae especially the genera Gentiana and Gentianella and Gentianopsisgentian - any of various plants of the family Gentianaceae especially the genera Gentiana and Gentianella and Gentianopsis
flower - a plant cultivated for its blooms or blossoms
family Gentianaceae, gentian family, Gentianaceae - chiefly herbaceous plants with showy flowers; some are cultivated as ornamentals
Gentiana acaulis, gentianella - low-growing alpine plant cultivated for its dark glossy green leaves in basal rosettes and showy solitary bell-shaped blue flowers
bottle gentian, Gentiana andrewsii, blind gentian, closed gentian - gentian of eastern North America having tubular blue or white flowers that open little if at all
explorer's gentian, Gentiana calycosa - tufted sometimes sprawling perennial with blue flowers spotted with green; western North America
blind gentian, closed gentian, Gentiana clausa - similar to Gentiana andrewsii but with larger flowers
Gentiana lutea, great yellow gentian - robust European perennial having clusters of yellow flowers
calathian violet, Gentiana pneumonanthe, marsh gentian - perennial Eurasian gentian with sky-blue funnel-shaped flowers of damp open heaths
Gentiana saponaria, soapwort gentian - erect perennial of wet woodlands of North America having leaves and flower buds resembling those of soapwort
Gentiana villosa, striped gentian - a perennial marsh gentian of eastern North America
ague weed, agueweed, five-flowered gentian, Gentiana quinquefolia, Gentianella quinquefolia, stiff gentian - gentian of eastern North America having clusters of bristly blue flowers
felwort, gentianella amarella - gentian of Europe and China having creamy white flowers with fringed corollas
fringed gentian - any of various herbs of the genus Gentianopsis having the margins of the corolla lobes fringed; sometimes included in genus Gentiana
spurred gentian - any of various plants of the genus Halenia having flowers with spurred lobes
Translations

gentian

[ˈdʒenʃɪən]
A. Ngenciana f
B. CPD gentian violet Nvioleta f de genciana

gentian

[ˈdʒɛnʃən] ngentiane f

gentian

nEnzian m
References in classic literature ?
She did not understand why he stepped out from the window to the veranda and smiled under his mustache and winked so joyfully, when warm steady rain began to fall on the dry and thirsty shoots of the young oats, or why when the wind carried away a threatening cloud during the hay harvest he would return from the barn, flushed, sunburned, and perspiring, with a smell of wormwood and gentian in his hair and, gleefully rubbing his hands, would say: "Well, one more day and my grain and the peasants' will all be under cover.
To what amazing infusions of gentian, peppermint, gilliflower, sage, parsley, thyme, rue, rosemary, and dandelion, did his courageous stomach submit itself
For instance, it was the end of August at the level of the sea; in the Kandersteg valley at the base of the pass, we found flowers which would not be due at the sea-level for two or three weeks; higher up, we entered October, and gathered fringed gentians.
There was the spot where the Indian pipes grew; the particular bit of marshy ground where the fringed gentians used to be largest and bluest; the rock maple where she found the oriole's nest; the hedge where the field mice lived; the moss-covered stump where the white toadstools were wont to spring up as if by magic; the hole at the root of the old pine where an ancient and honorable toad made his home; these were the landmarks of her childhood, and she looked at them as across an immeasurable distance.
He had wandered by blue lakes and thought them; he had lain on mountain-sides with sheets of deep blue gentians blooming all about him and flower breaths filling all the air and he had thought them.
The conference will also be attended by Albania's Deputy Minister of European Integration, Gentian Elezi, the Assistant Director of the Directorate for European Integration of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Darija Ramljak, the Deputy Minister of European Integration of Kosovo, Ramadan Ilazi, the acting Director of Serbia's European Integration Office, Ksenija Milenkovic, and the State Secretary for European Integration of Montenegro, Aleksandar Pejovic.
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Synopsis: In "Jane Eyre's Sisters: How Women Live and Write the Heroine's Story", cultural mythologist Jody Gentian Bower looks at novels by women (and some men) as well as biographies of women that tell the story of the Aletis, the wandering heroine.
Herbs such as gentian root, dandelion root, yellow dock, and barberry bark are well-known bitters.
Emson) announces that Blue Gentian LLC, the proprietor of multi-jurisdictional patents for the revolutionary "XHose", has successfully enforced two Australian patents, Australian Innovation Patent Nos.
A Philosopher's Stone B Blarney Stone C Rosetta Stone D Stone of Scone A Hyacinth B Gentian C Narcissus D Artemisia Actress Judy Dench.