Definitive causes were not identified in the literature, but some of the many possibilities included muscular fatique due to excessive physical activity, postural deviations such as pes planus (flat feet), pronated feet, genu valgum
(knock knees), and medical conditions and pathologies such as juvenile arthritis, osteomyelitis, Ross River virus, a fracture across the growth plate, and Osgood-Schlatter's syndrome.
Typical signs of a connective tissue disorder may be present, including, scoliosis, back pain, lordosis, pes planus, genu valgum
, recurrent dislocation of the joints, and soft tissue rheumatism (13).
Thinking from proximal to distal, these include: increased femoral anteversion, genu valgum
, tibia vara localized to the proximal tibia, external tibial torsion, and a varus subtalar joint.
The features specific for rickets include widened and thickened ends of long bones, muscular hypotonia and bony leg deformities (bowlegs, genu valgum
, genu varum, rotational), waddling gait, rachitic rosary, pigeon breast, Harrison's grooves, frontal bossing, tetany and rachitic dwarfism.
The patient was also noted to have genu varum on the right and genu valgum
on the left, along with a prominent lumbar lordosis and a mild dextroscoliosis of the thoracic spine.
AKNOCK knees (genu valgum
) are common in young children, but have usually resolved by the age of seven.
Known properly as genu valgum
, this extremely common condition is often a concern to parents.
It was associated with genu valgum
, occurred usually in maternal myasthenia gravis.
Alt ekstremite dizilim bozukluklari, femoral anteversiyonda artis, genu valgum
, genu rekurvatum, tibia vara, subtalar eklemde hiperpronasyon, bacak boyu uzunluk farki, patella alta, artmis Q acisi gibi deformiteleri icerir.
 Advanced stage of hypertrophy arthritis results in restriction of range of movement, stiffness of joint and gross deformities like genu valgum
, genu varum and flexion contractures.
X-ray lower limbs showed bony equinovarus deformity of right foot and genu valgum
deformity at right Knee.
She had a past history of bowing of legs at the age of 11 years for which she underwent a genu valgum