There are no previous reports of intra-abdominal granulomas in rabbits caused by bacteria of the genus Clostridium
. The occurrence of other types of nodular lesions, such as abscesses, are commonly secondary to trauma, previous surgeries, bacteremia or local inflammation (OGLESBEE, 2011).
Clostridium perfringens is a gram positive, anaerobic rod shaped bacteria belonging to genus Clostridium
and is responsible for production of terminal spores (Hughes et al., 2007).
Using gene functional classification in a metagenomic analysis of gut contents samples from yaks, we detected sequences homologous to genes coding 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase (EC 188.8.131.52) (46 genes), (3-glucosidase (EC 184.108.40.206) (45,090 genes), 1,4-[beta]-xylosidase (EC 220.127.116.11) (608 genes), and endo-1,4-[beta]-xylanase (EC 18.104.22.168) (6,656 genes), which participate in the digestion of cellulose and hemicellulose, indicating that quite a few gut microbes, including the genus Clostridium
, Lachnospira, and Ruminococcus, play important role in digesting cellulose in yaks.
lavalense 16S rRNA gene sequence belongs to the Clostridium coccoides rRNA group, the rRNA cluster XIVa of the genus Clostridium
The genus clostridium
comprises nearly 100 species, sub- divided into a majority of nonpathogenic species, 25 to 30 minor pathogens and around 13 classical major pathogens.
They found that exposure to this stressor decreased the number of bacteria of the genus Bacteroides, but increased the number of bacteria in the genus Clostridium
. As expected, social disruption stress also increased levels of interleukin-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine whose expression is known to increase as a result of stress, and Monocyte chemotactic protein-1, which recruits monocytes to sites of injury and whose expression is also regulated by stress.
. In: Sneath PHA, Mair NS, Sharpe ME, Hold JG, editors.