genus Clostridium

Also found in: Thesaurus.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.genus Clostridium - anaerobic or micro-aerophilic rod-shaped or spindle-shaped saprophytes; nearly cosmopolitan in soil, animal intestines, and dung
bacteria genus - a genus of bacteria
Bacillaceae, family Bacillaceae - typically rod-shaped usually Gram-positive bacteria that produce endospores
clostridia, clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
botulinum, botulinus, Clostridium botulinum - anaerobic bacterium producing botulin the toxin that causes botulism
clostridium perfringens - anaerobic Gram-positive rod bacterium that produces epsilon toxin; can be used as a bioweapon
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are no previous reports of intra-abdominal granulomas in rabbits caused by bacteria of the genus Clostridium. The occurrence of other types of nodular lesions, such as abscesses, are commonly secondary to trauma, previous surgeries, bacteremia or local inflammation (OGLESBEE, 2011).
Clostridium perfringens is a gram positive, anaerobic rod shaped bacteria belonging to genus Clostridium and is responsible for production of terminal spores (Hughes et al., 2007).
Using gene functional classification in a metagenomic analysis of gut contents samples from yaks, we detected sequences homologous to genes coding 1,4-beta-cellobiosidase (EC (46 genes), (3-glucosidase (EC (45,090 genes), 1,4-[beta]-xylosidase (EC (608 genes), and endo-1,4-[beta]-xylanase (EC (6,656 genes), which participate in the digestion of cellulose and hemicellulose, indicating that quite a few gut microbes, including the genus Clostridium, Lachnospira, and Ruminococcus, play important role in digesting cellulose in yaks.
lavalense 16S rRNA gene sequence belongs to the Clostridium coccoides rRNA group, the rRNA cluster XIVa of the genus Clostridium [1].
The genus clostridium comprises nearly 100 species, sub- divided into a majority of nonpathogenic species, 25 to 30 minor pathogens and around 13 classical major pathogens.
They found that exposure to this stressor decreased the number of bacteria of the genus Bacteroides, but increased the number of bacteria in the genus Clostridium. As expected, social disruption stress also increased levels of interleukin-6, a pro-inflammatory cytokine whose expression is known to increase as a result of stress, and Monocyte chemotactic protein-1, which recruits monocytes to sites of injury and whose expression is also regulated by stress.
Genus Clostridium. In: Sneath PHA, Mair NS, Sharpe ME, Hold JG, editors.