Canine visceral leishmaniasis (CVL) is a chronic zoonosis caused by intracellular protozoans of the genus Leishmania
and can be fatal if left untreated (RIBEIRO et al., 2018).
Leishmaniasis is a vector-borne disease, caused by protozoan parasite of the genus Leishmania
. Over 12 million individuals get infection across the globe and WHO reports over two million new cases each year.1 CL and MCL (mucocutaneous Leishmaniasis) are predominantly diagnosed in Afghanistan, Algeria, Colombia, Brazil, Iran and additional African and Latin countries.2 CL is endemic in Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab and Sindh.1,3 The infection is seen in young and non-immune adults.
Disease caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania
, named in 1901 for British Army doctor William Leishman, who developed a stain to detect the agent.
According to prevalence data, they are present in 98 countries with approximately 1.3 million new cases yearly (1) These diseases are caused by at least 20 different species of the genus Leishmania
, which are flagellate protozoan transmitted by the bite of infected female phlebotomine sand flies.
style="font-weight: 400Talking about Leishmaniasis, he said that this skin disease caused by different species of intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania
Visceral leishmaniasis is a tropical systemic infection caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania
(Leishmania donovani in Asia and Africa, Leishmania infantum in the Mediterranean, and Leishmania chagasi in South America).
Leishmaniasis, means both cutaneous and visceral infection, caused by a vector-borne parasite of the genus Leishmania
. The vector of the disease is a sand y.
Leishmaniasis is understood to be a set of syndromes caused by infection of the protozoan of the genus Leishmania
, which is widely present in tropical regions, mostly L.
Leishmaniasis refers to a set of zoonotic diseases usually transmitted by blood-feeding female sand flies infected with flagellate protozoan of the genus Leishmania
Leishmaniases are endemic neglected tropical diseases caused by intracellular parasitic protozoa of the genus Leishmania
. The parasite has a complex digenetic life cycle requiring a susceptible vertebrate host and an insect vector, which allow their transmission.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis is an infection caused by a protozoan of the genus Leishmania
and is transmitted by sandfly bites (3-7).
Leishmaniasis in the Old and New World is transmitted via the bite of phlebotomine sand flies and is caused by kinetoplastid parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania
. This collective group of diseases is distributed in 88 countries around the globe with up to 1.6 million estimated cases per year [14-16].