To do otherwise is to delve into the peril of political experiment, relying on scholastic intellectualism, passing convenience, transient political populism, disfiguring what must be, settled national consensus referenced from unique historical and geographical determinism
forming national identity, definite territory, and a strong constitution
This argument is more sophisticated than some other, earlier writing along these lines (see, for example, John Neville Hare's 2015 piece in National Geographic), but it still hints at geographical determinism
. Are the people around the Lake Chad Basin doomed to kidnap and enslave one another because of where they live--because of the terrain itself, or because the lands are inherently a 'frontier zone'?
Approximately the German view, namely, geographical determinism
, or as one German writer put it, "the geographical conscience of the state."
Part of the problem is that we assume some landscapes are more generative of spiritual experience than others, a view Belden Lane names geographical determinism
. As Lane explains:
Moody eschews geographical determinism
, noting that the matter cannot be seen as a conflict between north and south, the developed versus the developing world.
Frank Davey defines geographical determinism
as "a belief that the landscape has or should have--effects on the personalities and perspectives of its inhabitants, [and] leads to the assumption that these effects should have greater importance to the individual than do other possible grounds of identity" (5).
In the introductory piece, Charles Klopp notes the importance of "geographical determinism
" for Triestine literature (4), a recurring theme throughout the essays.