geophagia


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Related to geophagia: pica

geophagism, geophagy, geophagia

the eating of earthy matter, especially clay or chalk. — geophagist, n. — geophagous, adj.
See also: Earth
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.geophagia - eating earth, clay, chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes, sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency or obsessive behavior
pica - an eating disorder, frequent in children, in which non-nutritional objects are eaten persistently
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

ge·o·pha·gi·a

, geophagism, geophagy
n. geofagia, geofagismo, propensión a comer sustancias terrosas tales como tierra o barro.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Direct consumption of soil represents another exposure pathway, either intentionally (geophagia, prevalent among pregnant women) or unintentionally (hand-to-mouth contact between children).
Other possible infection routes could take place through geophagia, coprophagia, and necrophagy, considering that these sources are contaminated.
Each participant signed an informed consent form and filled an anonymous questionnaire including the following data: A) date of birth, sex, age, place of residence, profession, and education level; B) evidence of fever, cough, wheezing, hepatomegaly, and splenomegaly; C) personal hygiene habits that may raise the likeliness of infection by Toxocara parasite such as: 1) not washing hands before meals; 2) indirect geophagia e.g., when cleaning herbs, vegetables, etc.; 3) presence of dogs in the house or in the backyard/ front yard.
Among the six patients who had not traveled outside the continental United States, two had consumed raw vegetables, three had possible exposure to snails or slugs, and one had a history of geophagia.
A four month old male Deoni calf weighing 75 kg was presented with history of anorexia, fever, licking of soil (geophagia) and weakness since three days.
Pica may take different forms depending on the substance consumed; these include pagophagia (eating ice), trichophagia (eating hair), xylophagia (eating paper), lithophagia (eating stones), geophagia (eating soil), and metallophagia (eating metals).
Humans can ingest helminth eggs by (i) eating contaminated foods, especially vegetables that are poorly washed, peeled, or cooked, (ii) using contaminated water, and (iii) direct ingestion of contaminated soil (geophagia), which is common for children [1, 4, 5, 11, 20].
Prof Blanco added: "Children are generally regarded as the main group at risk for environmental exposure to pathogens, not only because they are frequent users of playgrounds, but also due to the high prevalence of geophagia in that consumption of sand within this group, and the immaturity of their immunological, neurological and digestive systems."
Among the females, poor hygiene and geophagia (Pica) was an important aetiology.
Soil-borne pathogenic fungi may enter humans via direct inoculation into wounds, direct ingestion of soil (geophagia) or indirect ingestion via contaminated food.
There are other compelling reasons for gaining a finer understanding of the health needs of IM populations; a recent study in Johannesburg of the prevalence of geophagia in pregnant women showed that around one-fifth of the sample were IMs, and that the level of geophagia in this group was twice as high as that among SA women (17% in women born in SA v.