germ


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germ

 (jûrm)
n.
1. Biology A small mass of protoplasm or cells from which a new organism or one of its parts may develop.
2. The earliest form of an organism; a seed, bud, or spore.
3. A microorganism, especially a pathogen.
4. Something that may serve as the basis of further growth or development: the germ of a project.

[Middle English, bud, from Old French germe, from Latin germen; see genə- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

germ

(dʒɜːm)
n
1. (Pathology) a microorganism, esp one that produces disease in animals or plants
2. (often plural) the rudimentary or initial form of something: the germs of revolution.
3. (Biology) a simple structure, such as a fertilized egg, that is capable of developing into a complete organism
[C17: from French germe, from Latin germen sprig, bud, sprout, seed]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

germ

(dʒɜrm)

n.
1. a microorganism, esp. when disease-producing; microbe.
2. a bud, offshoot, or seed.
3. the rudiment of a living organism; an embryo in its early stages.
4. the initial stage in development or evolution, as a germ cell or ancestral form.
5. a source of development; origin; seed: the germ of an idea.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French germe < Latin germen shoot, sprout, by dissimilation from *genmen=gen- (see genus) + -men resultative n. suffix)]
germ′like`, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

germ

(jûrm)
1. A microscopic organism or substance, especially a bacterium or a virus, that causes disease.
2. The earliest living form of an organism; a seed, spore, or bud.
Usage You've heard it many times. Some food falls on the floor, and someone (usually an adult) says, "Don't eat that now. It has germs on it." The word germ has been used to refer to invisible agents of disease since the 19th century, when scientists were first learning about the nature of disease. Similarly, the term microbe, which comes from the Greek prefix mikro-, "small," and word bios, "life," is a term that arose in the late 19th century in reference to the microscopic organisms that caused disease. The terms germ and microbe thus became associated with an early era of scientific research in which knowledge was very limited, and they are no longer used much by scientists. Thanks to generations of research, scientists today can usually identify the specific agents of disease, such as individual species of bacteria or viruses. When they want to refer generally to agents of disease, they use the term pathogen, which comes from Greek pathos, "suffering," and the suffix -gen, "producer." The term microorganism is used to refer to any one-celled microscopic organism, whether it causes disease or is harmless.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

germ

, germinate - From Latin germen, "seed, sprout."
See also related terms for sprout.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.germ - anything that provides inspiration for later work
inspiration - arousal of the mind to special unusual activity or creativity
taproot - something that provides an important central source for growth or development; "the taproot of his resentment"; "genius and insanity spring from the same taproot"
muse - the source of an artist's inspiration; "Euterpe was his muse"
2.germ - a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism
anatomical structure, bodily structure, body structure, complex body part, structure - a particular complex anatomical part of a living thing; "he has good bone structure"
3.germ - a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium)germ - a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use
microorganism, micro-organism - any organism of microscopic size
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

germ

noun
1. microbe, virus, bug (informal), bacterium, bacillus, microorganism a germ that destroyed hundred of millions of lives
2. beginning, root, seed, origin, spark, bud, embryo, rudiment The germ of an idea took root in her mind.
Related words
fear spermaphobia, spermatophobia
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

germ

noun
1. A minute organism usually producing disease:
2. A source of further growth and development:
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
أصْل، بدايَةجُرْثُومةجُرْثومَه
bacilbakteriemikrobzárodek
bakteriekimmikrobespire
bakteeri
mikrob
angi, vísir, kveikjasÿkill
細菌
병원균
mikrobasužuomazga
baktērijaiedīgļimikrobssākums
mikrob
bacill
เชื้อโรค
vi trùng

germ

[dʒɜːm]
A. N (Bio) (fig) → germen m (Med) → microbio m, germen m
the germ of an ideael germen de una idea
B. CPD germ carrier Nportador(a) m/f de microbios or gérmenes
germ cell Ncélula f germinal
germ plasm Ngermen m plasma
germ warfare Nguerra f bacteriológica
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

germ

[ˈdʒɜːrm] n
(MEDICINE)microbe m, germe m
[wheat] → germe m
(= beginning) the germ of an idea → le germe d'une idée
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

germ

n (lit, fig)Keim m; (of particular illness also)Krankheitserreger m; (esp of cold) → Bazillus m; don’t spread your germs aroundbehalte deine Bazillen für dich

germ

:
germ carrier
nBazillenträger m
germ cell
n (Biol) → Keimzelle f
germ-free
adjkeimfrei

germ

:
germ-killer
germ layer
n (Biol) → Keimblatt nt
germproof
adjkeimsicher, keimfrei
germ warfare
nbakteriologische Kriegsführung, Bakterienkrieg m
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

germ

[dʒɜːm] n (Med) → microbo (Bio) (also) (fig) → germe m
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

germ

(dʒəːm) noun
1. a very tiny animal or plant that causes disease. Disinfectant kills germs.
2. the small beginning (of anything). the germ of an idea.
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.

germ

جُرْثُومة bacil bakterie Keim μικρόβιο germen bakteeri microbe mikrob germe 細菌 병원균 ziektekiem bakterie zarodek germe микроб bacill เชื้อโรค mikrop vi trùng 细菌
Multilingual Translator © HarperCollins Publishers 2009

germ

n. microorganismo, bacteria causante de enfermedades; germ-free, estéril, axénico; libre de microorganismos;
___ cellcélula reproductora.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

germ

n germen m, microbio; (of a seed) germen m; wheat — germen de trigo
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
In this sense the Boeotian poetry may be taken to have its germ in maxims similar to our English
It was during this struggle that it was suggested that a new plague- germ had originated, that in some way or other a sort of hybridization between plague-germs had taken place, producing a new and frightfully virulent germ.
A LITTLE reason, to be sure, a germ of wisdom scattered from star to star-- this leaven is mixed in all things: for the sake of folly, wisdom is mixed in all things!
In the heart and soul of every son of woman lies the germ of manhood and honor.
The upshot of all these reasonings was, that his Highness the Prince Stadtholder of Holland would feel infinitely obliged to the magistracy of the Hague if they simplified for him the government of the Seven Provinces by destroying even the least germ of conspiracy against his authority.
For nature is of one kindred; and every soul has a seed or germ which may be developed into all knowledge.
He knows that art in all its forms has everything to hope from the new generations whose genius, still in the germ, can be heard gushing forth in our studios.
"Deep in the soul of every man," said Tarzan, "must lurk the germ of righteousness.
And yet the germ he had implanted must be at work; he was confident of that, though he was without confidence as to the result.
The place was the hospital, or segregation ward, and a week of imprisonment was spent therein, in which nothing happened in the way of development of germ diseases, and nothing happened to him except regular good food, pure drinking-water, and absolute isolation from contact with all life save the youth-god who, like an automaton, attended on him.
But not to speak of the fact that nothing prevented him from advancing into those southern provinces (for the Russian army did not bar his way), the historians forget that nothing could have saved his army, for then already it bore within itself the germs of inevitable ruin.
We have with great success made a practice of not leaving arsenic and strychnine, and typhoid and tuberculosis germs lying around for our children to be destroyed by.