germanium


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ger·ma·ni·um

 (jər-mā′nē-əm)
n. Symbol Ge
A brittle, crystalline, gray-white metalloid element, widely used as a semiconductor, as an alloying agent and catalyst, and in certain optical glasses. Atomic number 32; atomic weight 72.64; melting point 938.3°C; boiling point 2,833°C; specific gravity 5.323 (at 25°C); valence 2, 4. See Periodic Table.

[After Germania.]

germanium

(dʒɜːˈmeɪnɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a brittle crystalline grey element that is a semiconducting metalloid, occurring principally in zinc ores and argyrodite: used in transistors, as a catalyst, and to strengthen and harden alloys. Symbol: Ge; atomic no: 32; atomic wt: 72.61; valency: 2 or 4; relative density: 5.323; melting pt: 938.35°C; boiling pt: 2834°C
[C19: New Latin, named after Germany]

ger•ma•ni•um

(dʒərˈmeɪ ni əm)

n.
a hard, metallic, grayish white element, used chiefly as a semiconductor. Symbol: Ge; at. wt.: 72.59; at. no.: 32; sp. gr.: 5.36 at 20°C.
[1885–90; German (y) + -ium2]

ger·ma·ni·um

(jər-mā′nē-əm)
Symbol Ge A brittle, crystalline, grayish-white nonmetallic element that is found in zinc ores, coal, and other minerals. It is widely used as a semiconductor and in wide-angle lenses. Atomic number 32. See Periodic Table.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.germanium - a brittle grey crystalline element that is a semiconducting metalloid (resembling silicon) used in transistorsgermanium - a brittle grey crystalline element that is a semiconducting metalloid (resembling silicon) used in transistors; occurs in germanite and argyrodite
chemical element, element - any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter
argyrodite - a rare steel-grey mineral consisting of silver and germanium and sulfur
germanite - a rare reddish-grey mineral consisting of a copper iron germanium sulfide
semiconducting material, semiconductor - a substance as germanium or silicon whose electrical conductivity is intermediate between that of a metal and an insulator; its conductivity increases with temperature and in the presence of impurities
Translations
германий
germanium
germanium
germanio
germaanium
germanium
germanij
germánium
german
ゲルマニウム
germanis
germanium
german
germânio
germaniu
germánium
germanij
germanium
germanyum

germanium

[dʒɜːˈmeɪnɪəm] Ngermanio m

germanium

n (Chem) → Germanium nt
References in periodicals archive ?
From the paper, MOS capacitors were fabricated on germanium grown epitaxially (2.5 [micro]m) on p-type 200 mm (100) Si wafers using a full CMOS process flow.
Vogel phoned me to say he was coming back from Japan and heard about a new substance to treat cancer called germanium developed by Dr.
So far, in its seven-month-long run, the GERDA experiment - which consists of 78.5 pounds of germanium held in a vat of liquid argon - has failed to detect any signs of such decay.
The design of four-step binary surface of the diffractive binary germanium lens [12] by nonsequential mode in ZEMAX will be presented via the following procedure.
The materials that used in this job are: powders of (nickel, titanium and germanium) and etchant solution.
Keywords: Silicon; Germanium; Quantum Dots; Density Fumctional Theory; Band Gap Engineering; Optical Properties
In this study, PECVD of germanium chalcogenide thin films was done utilizing GeCI4, H2S, and alkyl chalcogenides.
Therefore, in germanium, light absorption can occur in the beginning at energy of 0.6 eV due to indirect transitions and at 0.8 eV due to direct transitions.
The new approach does not require high temperatures or other crystals to act as seeds to grow the germanium crystal and the researchers said that the new method can be used to produce germanium films with a very large area, allowing for more potential applications.
"Germanium has better optical properties for solar cells than silicon," said Dr Ammar Nayfeh, an assistant professor in microsystems engineering at the institute and head of the project.
The Cryogenic Dark Matter Search consists of a network of silicon and germanium crystals cooled to near absolute zero.