See, e.g., Polsby & Popper, supra note 13, at 332 ("[W]here compactness is a constraint, a gerrymanderer
's job is noticeably harder.").
A shrewd gerrymanderer
would put prisons in electorally safe districts, freeing up some of his party's supporters in those districts to be drawn into competitive areas where their votes could help tip the balance.
it must be admitted that the gerrymanderer
's ability to craft a plan around any set of redistricting standards is virtually limitless." Kubin, supra note 147, at 854.
Friedman and Holden characterize the solution to a problem in which the gerrymanderer
observes a noisy signal of voter preferences from a continuous distribution and creates N districts of equal size to maximize the expected number of districts that she wins.