gerrymandering


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ger·ry·man·der

 (jĕr′ē-măn′dər, gĕr′-)
tr.v. ger·ry·man·dered, ger·ry·man·der·ing, ger·ry·man·ders
To divide (a geographic area) into voting districts in a way that gives one party an unfair advantage in elections.
n.
1. The act, process, or an instance of gerrymandering.
2. A district or configuration of districts whose boundaries are very irregular due to gerrymandering.

[After Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander (from the shape of an election district created while Gerry was governor of Massachusetts).]
Word History: In 1812, as governor of Massachusetts, Elbridge Gerry signed a bill authorizing the revision of voting districts in his state. Members of Gerry's party redrew them in order to secure their representation in the state senate, and out of Gerry's home county, Essex County, they carved an unlikely-looking district with the shape of a salamander. According to one version of the coining of gerrymander, the shape of the district attracted the eye of the painter Gilbert Stuart, who noticed it on a map in a newspaper editor's office. Stuart decorated the outline of the district with a head, wings, and claws and then said to the editor, "That will do for a salamander!" "Gerrymander!" came the reply. The image created by Stuart first appeared in the March 26, 1812, edition of the Boston Gazette, where it was accompanied by the following title: The Gerrymander. A New Species of Monster, which appeared in the Essex South District in Jan. 1812. The new word gerrymander caught on instantly—within the same year gerrymander is also recorded as a verb. (Gerry's name, incidentally, was pronounced with a hard (g) sound, although the word which has immortalized him is now commonly pronounced with a soft (j) sound.) Gerry ran for reelection in 1812, and popular outrage directed at the flagrant use of the technique we now call gerrymandering doubtless played a role in his defeat.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

gerrymandering

1. Redrawing election district boundaries for political purposes (possibly because of Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry, 1812). A blackface song and dance act based on a deformed livery stable slave (c. 1833) which came to symbolize racial prejudice.
2. The practice of fixing the boundaries of electoral districts in a way that gives unfair advantage to a particular party.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
Translations

gerrymandering

[ˈdʒerɪmændərɪŋ] Nmanipulaciones fpl
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

gerrymandering

[ˌdʒɛriˈmændərɪŋ] nredécoupage m des circonscriptions électorales
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

gerrymandering

n (Pol) → Wahlkreisschiebungen pl
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007
References in periodicals archive ?
new racial gerrymandering cases exhibit a commitment from a unanimous
Critics say gerrymandering has distorted American democracy.
A lawyer representing the League of Women Voters of North Carolina one of the plaintiffs said that although disappointed with the decision, she was optimistic that the Supreme Court would rule during its term that partisan gerrymandering was unconstitutional.
[Editors note: Several hours after these interviews were completed Friday, a constituent from Michelle Fischbachs Senate district filed a lawsuit seeking Fischbachs ouster on grounds that she no longer is a legitimate legislator and her district therefore lacks valid Senate representation.] Question 2: Once a dead legal issue, gerrymandering has roared back with contradictory court rulings in North Carolina and Pennsylvania.
Texas, for now, will not join the list of states fighting in court over the limits of partisan gerrymandering.
This Article challenges the basic premise in the law of gerrymandering that partisanship is a constitutional government purpose at all.
Instead the bureaucratic fat keeps growing, aggravated by an increasing trend toward congressional gerrymandering and the ever-growing number of party-list representatives, many of them with vague constituencies.
On an unrelated but equally important Supreme Court decision, the Supreme Court just disavowed any role in controlling the unconscionable process of gerrymandering. It greatly saddens me that our Supreme Court failed to apply due process, equal protection and one person-one vote standards to the malign damage caused by gerrymandering.
He'd received the backing of top Democrats, including former President Barack Obama, who in December 2018 folded his own political operation, Organizing for Action, into Holder's to give the fight against gerrymandering more clout.
Common Cause decision has closed the federal court door to partisan gerrymandering cases, but the fighting over redistricting plans is far from over.
In (https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/18pdf/18-422_9ol1.pdf) a 5-4 decision  the Supreme Court has ruled that partisan gerrymandering is not unconstitutional.