gerrymander

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ger·ry·man·der

 (jĕr′ē-măn′dər, gĕr′-)
tr.v. ger·ry·man·dered, ger·ry·man·der·ing, ger·ry·man·ders
To divide (a geographic area) into voting districts in a way that gives one party an unfair advantage in elections.
n.
1. The act, process, or an instance of gerrymandering.
2. A district or configuration of districts whose boundaries are very irregular due to gerrymandering.

[After Elbridge Gerry + (sala)mander (from the shape of an election district created while Gerry was governor of Massachusetts).]
Word History: In 1812, as governor of Massachusetts, Elbridge Gerry signed a bill authorizing the revision of voting districts in his state. Members of Gerry's party redrew them in order to secure their representation in the state senate, and out of Gerry's home county, Essex County, they carved an unlikely-looking district with the shape of a salamander. According to one version of the coining of gerrymander, the shape of the district attracted the eye of the painter Gilbert Stuart, who noticed it on a map in a newspaper editor's office. Stuart decorated the outline of the district with a head, wings, and claws and then said to the editor, "That will do for a salamander!" "Gerrymander!" came the reply. The image created by Stuart first appeared in the March 26, 1812, edition of the Boston Gazette, where it was accompanied by the following title: The Gerrymander. A New Species of Monster, which appeared in the Essex South District in Jan. 1812. The new word gerrymander caught on instantly—within the same year gerrymander is also recorded as a verb. (Gerry's name, incidentally, was pronounced with a hard (g) sound, although the word which has immortalized him is now commonly pronounced with a soft (j) sound.) Gerry ran for reelection in 1812, and popular outrage directed at the flagrant use of the technique we now call gerrymandering doubtless played a role in his defeat.

gerrymander

(ˈdʒɛrɪˌmændə)
vb
1. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to divide the constituencies of (a voting area) so as to give one party an unfair advantage
2. to manipulate or adapt to one's advantage
n
an act or result of gerrymandering
[C19: from Elbridge Gerry, US politician + (sala)mander; from the salamander-like outline of an electoral district reshaped (1812) for political purposes while Gerry was governor of Massachusetts]
ˌgerryˈmandering n

ger•ry•man•der

(ˈdʒɛr ɪˌmæn dər, ˈgɛr-)

n.
1. the dividing of a state, county, etc., into election districts so as to give one political party a majority in many districts while concentrating the voting strength of the other party into as few districts as possible.
v.t.
2. to subject (a state, county, etc.) to a gerrymander.
[1812, Amer.; after E. Gerry (governor of Massachusetts, whose party redistricted the state in 1812) + (sala)mander, from the fancied resemblance of the map of Essex County, Mass., to this animal, after the redistricting]

gerrymander


Past participle: gerrymandered
Gerund: gerrymandering

Imperative
gerrymander
gerrymander
Present
I gerrymander
you gerrymander
he/she/it gerrymanders
we gerrymander
you gerrymander
they gerrymander
Preterite
I gerrymandered
you gerrymandered
he/she/it gerrymandered
we gerrymandered
you gerrymandered
they gerrymandered
Present Continuous
I am gerrymandering
you are gerrymandering
he/she/it is gerrymandering
we are gerrymandering
you are gerrymandering
they are gerrymandering
Present Perfect
I have gerrymandered
you have gerrymandered
he/she/it has gerrymandered
we have gerrymandered
you have gerrymandered
they have gerrymandered
Past Continuous
I was gerrymandering
you were gerrymandering
he/she/it was gerrymandering
we were gerrymandering
you were gerrymandering
they were gerrymandering
Past Perfect
I had gerrymandered
you had gerrymandered
he/she/it had gerrymandered
we had gerrymandered
you had gerrymandered
they had gerrymandered
Future
I will gerrymander
you will gerrymander
he/she/it will gerrymander
we will gerrymander
you will gerrymander
they will gerrymander
Future Perfect
I will have gerrymandered
you will have gerrymandered
he/she/it will have gerrymandered
we will have gerrymandered
you will have gerrymandered
they will have gerrymandered
Future Continuous
I will be gerrymandering
you will be gerrymandering
he/she/it will be gerrymandering
we will be gerrymandering
you will be gerrymandering
they will be gerrymandering
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been gerrymandering
you have been gerrymandering
he/she/it has been gerrymandering
we have been gerrymandering
you have been gerrymandering
they have been gerrymandering
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been gerrymandering
you will have been gerrymandering
he/she/it will have been gerrymandering
we will have been gerrymandering
you will have been gerrymandering
they will have been gerrymandering
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been gerrymandering
you had been gerrymandering
he/she/it had been gerrymandering
we had been gerrymandering
you had been gerrymandering
they had been gerrymandering
Conditional
I would gerrymander
you would gerrymander
he/she/it would gerrymander
we would gerrymander
you would gerrymander
they would gerrymander
Past Conditional
I would have gerrymandered
you would have gerrymandered
he/she/it would have gerrymandered
we would have gerrymandered
you would have gerrymandered
they would have gerrymandered
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gerrymander - an act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)gerrymander - an act of gerrymandering (dividing a voting area so as to give your own party an unfair advantage)
cheating, cheat - a deception for profit to yourself
Verb1.gerrymander - divide unfairly and to one's advantage; of voting districts
divide, part, separate - come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated"
Translations

gerrymander

[ˈdʒerɪmændəʳ]
A. VT [+ voting area] dividir de manera favorable a un partido; (= manipulate) → manipular
B. VI dividir una zona electoral de manera favorable a un partido

gerrymander

(Pol)
vt to gerrymander constituency boundariesWahlkreisschiebungen vornehmen
References in classic literature ?
THE Committee on Gerrymander worked late, drawing intricate lines on a map of the State, and being weary sought repose in a game of poker.
The NDRC invested $350,000 in the Wisconsin Supreme Court race, hoping that a liberal majority on the seven-member court might strike down any egregious gerrymanders in the next round of redistricting in 2021.
Plans considered "too partisan" may face challenges in state courts in the future, and those alleged to be racial gerrymanders can still be challenged in federal and state courts.
Supreme Court justices have observed that the clustering of Democrats tends to result in natural gerrymanders. (26) That is, since cities tend to be overwhelmingly Democratic, while the rural and suburban areas of states are not as overwhelmingly Republican, geographically compact districts that keep communities of interest together will tend to produce districts that naturally waste Democratic votes.
"Maryland recognizes that the problem of partisan gerrymandering poses a threat to democracy in the United States and that our courts have an important role, in both remedying existing unconstitutional gerrymanders and preventing future violations by providing clear guidance for legislatures and other districting bodies," Frosh wrote in the brief submitted Friday.
As a brief that historians filed in the Supreme Court explained: "Contrary to some misconceptions, although partisan gerrymanders have occurred at various times, they never have been regarded as an acceptable feature of American democracy.
With an election looming, courts earlier this year declared congressional districts in two states to be unconstitutional partisan gerrymanders. One map was redrawn.
The justices left the door open for future challenges to partisan gerrymanders. But as a result of Monday's technical resolutions, both states' maps will be intact for the 2018 elections, and the status quo remains.
Courts are unlikely to embrace a measure if it suggests that most challenged maps are (and most maps historically have been) impermissible partisan gerrymanders. (47) Likewise, line-drawers probably have little use for a metric that condemns most of their efforts--including plans designed without partisan intent, or perhaps even with the aim of partisan fairness (48) Conceptually as well, a measure that is inconsistent with U.S.
Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment limits racial gerrymanders in
Constitutional challenges to partisan gerrymanders have confronted two basic premises set up by Vieth and its logic: First, Vieth appeared to decide that partisanship in districting is a constitutional state interest "so long as it does not go too far." (11) And second, Justice Kennedy's controlling opinion in Vieth required an objective standard for demarcating where partisanship in districting has gone too far.
In a recent study, we applied techniques similar to those that have been used to measure political gerrymanders to quantify the severity of gerrymandering of about 24,000 attendance zones from the 2009-10 school year (Richards & Stroub, 2015).