gerund


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gerund

A gerund is the “-ing” form of a verb when it functions grammatically as a noun in a sentence. Gerunds are identical in appearance to present participles, but they are not used to form tenses of the verb or provide adjectival information.
Gerunds can either stand alone, or they can take a noun (the object of the gerund) and/or modifier(s) to form a gerund phrase.
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ger·und

 (jĕr′ənd)
n.
1. In Latin, a noun derived from a verb and having all case forms except the nominative.
2. In other languages, a verbal noun analogous to the Latin gerund, such as the English form ending in -ing when used as a noun, as in singing in We admired the choir's singing. See Usage Note at fused participle.

[Late Latin gerundium, from alteration (modeled on participium, participle) of Latin gerundum, variant of gerendum, neuter gerundive of gerere, to carry on.]

ge·run′di·al (jə-rŭn′dē-əl) adj.

gerund

(ˈdʒɛrənd)
n
(Grammar) a noun formed from a verb, denoting an action or state. In English, the gerund, like the present participle, is formed in -ing: the living is easy.
[C16: from Late Latin gerundium, from Latin gerundum something to be carried on, from gerere to wage]
gerundial adj

ger•und

(ˈdʒɛr ənd)

n.
1. a form in Latin regularly derived from a verb and functioning as a noun, used in all cases but the nominative, as dicendī gen., dicendō dat., abl., etc., “saying.”
2. a form similar to the Latin gerund in meaning or function, as in English the -ing form of a verb when functioning as a noun, as writing in Writing is easy.
[1505–15; « Latin gerundum that which is to be carried on, derivative of ger(ere) to bear, carry on + -undum, variant of -endum gerund suffix]
ge•run•di•al (dʒəˈrʌn di əl) adj.
ge•run′di•al•ly, adv.
usage: See me.

gerund

A verb form that ends in “-ing” and can be used as a noun, for example, “swimming.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gerund - a noun formed from a verb (such as the `-ing' form of an English verb when used as a noun)
deverbal noun, verbal noun - a noun that is derived from a verb
Translations
動名詞
gerundium
gerundium

gerund

[ˈdʒerənd] N (Latin) → gerundio m; (English) → sustantivo m verbal

gerund

[ˈdʒɛrʌnd] ngérondif m

gerund

nGerundium nt

gerund

[ˈdʒɛrnd] ngerundio
References in periodicals archive ?
Beware the curse of the gerund. With just a couple of exceptions (Roger Avary's Killing Zoe comes to mind), two- and three-word titles where the first word ends in -ing are a red flag, indicating movies which are usually as waffly and unfocused as their titles: Taking Woodstock , Surviving Picasso , Saving Mr.
The verb innuere in classical Latin meant "to nod, beckon, or make a sign to" a person, and in Medieval Latin more generally "to hint" or "to insinuate." The ablative cause of the gerund was innuendo, which meant literally "by hinting." In medieval legal documents innuendo introduced inserted remarks, meaning in effect "to wit" or "that is to say," and the word was adopted with the same function into English legal usage.
Dirty Gerund Poetry Series Dallas Texas Poetry Slam legend Jason Carney performs, 9 p.m.
Dirty Gerund Poetry Series Maine poet Sam Rush performs, 9 p.m.
As seen in Table 1, the unit is organized so that the language structures (e.g., gerund) required for the successful completion of the task are presented in isolation from their communicative contexts.
Three research questions guide this investigation: (1) what grammatical aspects are associated with the gerund periphrases in Puerto Rican-Saint Croix Spanish; (2) which lexical aspects are predominant in the gerund periphrases; and (3) what is the behavior of the gerund in Puerto Rican-Saint Croix Spanish in comparison to Puerto Rican Spanish in Puerto Rico, where Spanish/English contact is not as intense as in Saint Croix.
In general, previous contrastive studies between the English gerund and its Spanish counterparts present serious limitations.
In this way, the difference between the infinitive and the gerund is accounted for very nicely.
Each sentence begins with It would include followed by a gerund.
William Satire responded in The New York Times Magazine, "Lexies take note: we are witnessing the birth of new meaning to a gerund." Nearly two decades after Satire's grandiose send-off, "outing" has grown from a gay-specific term to the household word for anybody who's forced out of hiding about anything.
O'Connor, a writer and former New York Times Book Review editor, points out in her introduction that "most of us don't know a gerund from a gerbil and don't care, but we'd like to speak and write as though we did." She demystifies usage, with sections on common errors and how to fix them, pointing out, for instance, the difference between "nauseated" and "nauseous" and providing sample sentences to help clarify meaning.