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n. pl. ges·soes
1. A preparation of plaster of Paris and glue used as a base for low relief or as a surface for painting.
2. A surface of gesso.

[Italian, from Latin gypsum, gypsum; see gypsum.]

ges′soed adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


1. (Art Terms) a white ground of plaster and size, used esp in the Middle Ages and Renaissance to prepare panels or canvas for painting or gilding
2. (Art Terms) any white substance, esp plaster of Paris, that forms a ground when mixed with water
[C16: from Italian: chalk, gypsum]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈdʒɛs oʊ)

n., pl. -soes.
gypsum or plaster of Paris prepared with glue for use as a surface for painting.
[1590–1600; < Italian < Latin gypsum gypsum]
ges′soed, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


A mixture of plaster of Paris or gypsum and glue, used as a base for bas relief or to prepare a painting surface.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.gesso - gypsum or plaster of Paris spread on a surface to make it suitable for painting or gilding (or a surface so prepared)
gypsum - a common white or colorless mineral (hydrated calcium sulphate) used to make cements and plasters (especially plaster of Paris)
plaster of Paris, plaster - any of several gypsum cements; a white powder (a form of calcium sulphate) that forms a paste when mixed with water and hardens into a solid; used in making molds and sculptures and casts for broken limbs
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Each student had previously gessoed a 5" x 5" piece of Masonite (hardboard) and hot-glued a paper clip to the back, to serve as a hanger.
The paintings were all begun with a black gessoed canvas into which Coe introduced color after working first in dark grays.
The screenprinted and gessoed varnished panels of R.
Hoffman-Kowal has arranged five rectangles within a format of three squares, including the border of white gessoed paper that is the foundation of this work.
Jacob Lawrence, The Wedding, 1948 Tempera on gessoed panel, 20 x 24" (51 x 61 cm).
Choosing an unusual and challenging technique--working in pencil direct onto small gessoed panels measuring just 9 x 8 inches--he does no preparatory drawings and yet creates perfect compositions of a fine draughtsmanship rarely seen today.
"Island Images," an original watercolor on gessoed paper, is sized at 22 x 30 inches and retails for $1,895.
In its simplest form, egg tempera consists of pure, ground pigment mixed with egg yolk, forming transparent colors that are applied in layers over a rigid, white background such as a gessoed board.
The old rocker shown at left was stripped, gessoed, then painted--all for a fraction of the cost of replacing it.
To transfer their sketches to the bags, students used pencils to cover the backs of them with graphite, then placed them over the gessoed area with a small piece of tape.