After presenting facts about housing segregation (e.g., economic differences explain only a small fraction of existing segregation, and most new housing is developed on the edge of suburbia and sold to an overwhelmingly white clientele), the paper discusses the need for a new concept of suburbia, then offers recommendations in such areas as preventing ghettoization
and resegregation, ending discrimination and opening white areas, and broadening the concept of community development.
The effects of unequal education, labor market discrimination, and publicly initiated and supported ghettoization
are further indirect material legacies of slavery.
Despite being in large measure historically excluded from mainstream economic and social opportunities, and left to bear the brunt of poor institutional policies contributing to ghettoization
and urban poverty, African-Americans have cared for not only their own nuclear families but also for extended family, the community's children and neighbors in need.
Contributions to the discussion by scholars of both genders are vital if the debate is to avoid the dangers of ghettoization
In discussing saints, Sofia Boesch Gajano rejects the historiographical negation of the miracle, involving as that does its "elite theological ghettoization
." Another major area of research is the monastic cult of the dead, and Dominique Iogna-Prat says that for the Cluniacs the cult of the dead was the keystone of their theology.
The problems which afflicted so many of the estates took time to emerge: the constructional defects, the lack of understanding by young architects of lifestyles of less advantaged people (leading to phenomena like endemic condensation), the social ghettoization
of many estates with no social or functional mix and precious few facilities.
What I find most striking about Cohen's analysis is its recurrent efforts to challenge established ideas regarding Jewish ghettoization
, and to explode common divisions between Jews and non-Jews, and traditional and acculturated Jews.
In other words, also like those ancient rabbinical commentators, as I have read her text, I have literally inscribed the margins of her book with my own responses, insights, and questions about the multiple meanings of gay male marginalization or ghettoization
He also gives special attention to the plight of Jewish musicians - their "cultural ghettoization
For instance, in "Black Ghettoization
and Social Mobility," Norman Fainstein calls upon us to free our minds from the simplistic views that cast African Americans as denizens of the black ghetto, with its dilapidated neighborhoods and downtrodden and dangerous inhabitants.
It the new housing has a strong mix of race and incomes, says Baron, the twin perils of ghettoization
and gentrification can be averted.
To this outsider it sometimes seems as if the United States, with its frightening levels of urban violence, rigid ghettoization
, ethnic conflicts, and sporadic rioting, is a society where the dissensus Rescher celebrates is in danger of generating wholesale fragmentation.