By stripping Royns of his gianthood
, Malory leaves room in Arthur's development for even greater accomplishments.
Fatner himself is a cartoonish dragons head, more funny than fearsome; when, in his death throes, he reverts to gianthood
(a potentially keen touch), he's no bigger than the dwarves.
Just as ordinary stars evolve from protostellar disks to the main sequence and thence to red gianthood
, so do pulsars have their own distinct and varied careers.
But both stars have evolved far off the main sequence into gianthood
, and the fact that they are doing this simultaneously despite their different masses is a puzzle.
The association may be only about 20 million years old, with Antares the only one of its stars massive enough to have evolved to red gianthood
6-magnitude primary is an F0 subgiant, a star somewhat hotter and brighter than the Sun ending billions of years of quiet life on the main sequence and beginning to swell toward red gianthood