Whitehead takes up the same sort of project of rehabilitating the notions of the subject and the object without turning to problematic forms of givenness
and the representationalist epistemology of classical empiricism.
The topics include focus, questions, and givenness
; the scalar particle har'i in Ngamo (West Chadic); inferring meaning from indirect answers to polar questions: the contribution of the rise-fall-rise contour; and two alternatives for disjunction: an inquisitive reconciliation.
Narrowly acquisitive, they mine what is ours for data divested of givenness
Following the information structure terminology this is called givenness
, but in Arnold (2010) this term can be related both to linguistic and non--linguistic information, for example, the visual context (Clark and Marshall 2002).
This is her sixth work of nonfiction, following Mother Country (1989), The Death of Adam (1998), When I Was a Child I Read Books (2012), Absence of Mind (2010), and The Givenness
of Things (2015).
As in her last book, The Givenness
of Things, Robinson doesn't flinch from engagement with deep aspects of Christian theology, something that may be a difficulty for more casual readers.
Crehan's reconstruction of Gramsci here is ultimately optimistic insofar as she sees his approach to common sense as allowing for the possibility of both a new culture and an awareness of history, for it "offers us a way of thinking about the texture of everyday life that encompasses its givenness
" even as it "acknowledges its contradictions, fluidity, and flexibility" (p.
We interviewed Robinson via email, and our questions referred specifically to three of her works: her 2004 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel, Gilead, narrated by the elderly preacher John Ames, and the essays "Proofs" and "Humanism," from her 2015 collection, The Givenness
Such quandaries call attention to the forms that disavowed repetition (incorporation) can take even within disciplines such as psychoanalysis, anthropology, and philosophy that seek to account for the givenness
Agamben claims that "everything happens as if, in our culture, life were what cannot be defined, yet, precisely for this reason, must be ceaselessly articulated and divided." (40) But the problem is that, in Agamben's curio cabinet, both life and machine remain undefined in the givenness
of their presentation within the collection, and it is precisely this lack of clarity which, from a Hegelian perspective that derives the determinacy of life from that of mechanism by demonstrating the unsustainability of the latter, prevents an articulation of the ontological structure of life from getting underway in the first place.
(1) The pre-prefix, also referred to as the augment, is a morpheme related to givenness
(2) in many Bantu languages.