glial cell


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

glial cell

n.
Any of the cells making up the neuroglia, especially the astrocytes, oligodendrocytes, and microglia.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glial cell - a cell of the neuroglia
somatic cell, vegetative cell - any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; "somatic cells are produced from preexisting cells";
glia, neuroglia - sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
astrocyte - comparatively large neuroglial cell
microgliacyte - a cell of the microglia that may become phagocytic and collect waste products of nerve tissue
oligodendrocyte - a cell of the oligodendroglia
References in periodicals archive ?
After 60 days, glial cell hyperplasia and neuronal apoptosis were examined with hematoxylin and eosin and the TUNEL method; the expression levels of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), Bax, and Bcl-2 were measured using immunohistochemistry (IH) by the streptavidin peroxidase conjugated method.
The most common type of glial cell in the eye of mammals is the Muller glial (MG) cell.
In this study, we found one of the distinct cases of potential interstitial glial cell support, in which each neuronal cell body in the brain tissue (except the globuli cells) is ensheathed by multiple layers of membrane.
This 486 page volume includes twenty-six seminal and erudite articles by experts in the field of Glial cell research and deftly organized into six major sections: Astrocytes; Oligodendrocytes and Myelination; Schwann Cells; Microglia; Glia in Small Genetic Model Systems; Disease and Repair.
The PVA and Keratin blended nanofibrous scaffold was prepared and characterized using various analytical instruments and the neural cell response towards the fabricated scaffold was evaluated with glial cell line.
The unexpected prominent reductions in glial cell number and packing density are reported in independent laboratories in postmortem brains from subjects with mood disorders in different regions of the prefrontal cortex and in the anterior cingulate cortex (Rajkowska 2000; Hamidi et al.
Oligodendrocytes: This type of glial cell helps provide a fatty substance called myelin that insulates nerve fibers connecting neurons and speeds the passage of electrical impulses from neuron to neuron.
The adult mammalian retina consists of six types of neurons and a Muller glial cell.
They address studying the neural development of the fly, recording and imaging, and studying its behavior, and molecular, genetic, electrophysiological, optical imaging, behavioral, and developmental methods to examine cell-fate specification, cell morphogenesis, neural connectivity, neuronal and glial cell processes, and strategies to mark and manipulate cells.
Amgen halted tests of GDNF, shorthand for glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor drug, on 48 patients last year after more than a year of tests.
By adding a special protein substance that protects nerves called glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor, the team discovered the stem cells can continuously proliferate in vitro.
To this end, the ER-negative glial cell line U251-MG was transfected with the three zebrafish ER subtypes and the Aro-B promoter linked to a luciferase reporter gene.