globus pallidus

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Related to globus pallidus: globus hystericus, basal ganglia

glo·bus pal·li·dus

 (glō′bəs păl′ĭ-dəs)
The inner and lighter gray portion of the lentiform nucleus of the brain. Also called pallidum.

[New Latin : Latin globus, globe + Latin pallidus, pale; see pallid.]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.globus pallidus - the inner pale yellow part of the lenticular nucleus
basal ganglion - any of several masses of subcortical grey matter at the base of each cerebral hemisphere that seem to be involved in the regulation of voluntary movement
lenticular nucleus, lentiform nucleus - a basal ganglion shaped like a lens and including the outer reddish putamen and the inner pale yellow pallidum
References in periodicals archive ?
Specifically, the neurons of the striatum extend to the internal globus pallidus (direct pathway), the external globus pallidus (indirect pathway), and the substantia nigra (indirect pathway).
A 74-year-old man with a 9-year history of FTD died, and brain autopsy revealed moderate frontal atrophy, severe ventricular dilatation, severe atrophy of the head of the caudate, and mild atrophy and yellowish discoloration of the globus pallidus (Figure 12, A).
Among patients stimulated in the globus pallidus interna, the score improved from 41.
Altered tonic activity of neurons in the globus pallidus and subthalamic nucleus in the primate in MPTP model of parkinsonism.
Major Finding: Scores on the motor sub-scale of the UPDRS improved from baseline by similar amounts after 2 years of DBS targeting the globus pallidus interna (from 42 to 30) or subthalamic nucleus (from 43 to about 32.
1]) in the basal ganglia, and in particular in the ventral globus pallidus and the substantia nigra pars reticulata.
Increasing evidence suggests that the intense MRI signals in the globus pallidus of cirrhotic alcoholics are caused by deposits of a paramagnetic substance, probably manganese, in that region (Lockwood et al.
A reduction in GABA and enkephalin input to the external globus pallidus is thought to cause hyperactivity of the external globus pallidus and inhibition of the subthalamic nucleus.
Recommended Usage: A programmable, battery-operated pulse generator, placed subcutaneously under the clavicle, is connected to electrodes implanted in the subthalamic nucleus or globus pallidus.
Subcortical structures (striatum, corpus callosum, globus pallidus, thalamus, and cingulum) seem to intervene bilaterally invoicing, for only bilateral subcortical lesions lead to lasting loss of voice.
The technique was discovered 4 decades ago, when surgery accidentally damaged the globus pallidus in a Parkinson's patient--whose motor control subsequently improved.