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(ˌglɒs oʊ fəˈrɪn dʒi əl, -dʒəl, -ˌfær ɪnˈdʒi əl, ˌglɔ soʊ-)
of or pertaining to the tongue and pharynx.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Adj.1.glossopharyngeal - pertaining to the tongue and throat
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References in periodicals archive ?
Previous reports have shown that the massed neurogram activity from cranial nerves (CN) V, VII, IX, and X (trigeminal, facial, glossopharyngeal and vagus nerves respectively) and from spinal nerve (SN) II (analogous to CN XII, hypoglossal nerve in mammals) in the isolated tadpole brainstem generate neural bursts that correspond to the lung and gill ventilator activities generated in the intact specimens.
Impulses from the carotid bodies travel via the glossopharyngeal (9th) cranial nerve to the central respiratory centers in the brain stem to stimulate or suppress breathing as needed.
Other manifestations may include alterations in postural sense, proprioception and vibration in addition to respiratory insufficiency and cardiac/vasomotor dysfunction.[11,23] Dysfunction in the nuclei of cranial nerves IX-XII may also result in problems with swallowing (vague), head and shoulder movement (spinal accessory), tongue movement (hypoglossal), salivation and pharyngeal (glossopharyngeal) function.
Schwannomas developing from the cranial nerves most commonly affect the vestibulocochlear nerve, rarely the glossopharyngeal, accessory and the hypoglossal nerves.
The gag reflex test measures the activity of the glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX) rather than the superior laryngeal branch of the vagus nerve (cranial nerve X), which innervates the hypopharynx and larynx.
Cold temperatures stimulate the orbicularis oris muscle facilitating lip closure and the glossopharyngeal nerve triggering the pharyngeal swallow.
* A patient with glossopharyngeal neuralgia uses the internet to communicate with others across the world with the same rare problem.
The nonpharmacological methods include smooth and gentle intubation with a shorter duration of laryngoscopy, use of LMA8 and blocking glossopharyngeal and superior laryngeal nerves.
Postoperatively, 1 patient developed deficits of the glossopharyngeal, vagus, and hypoglossal nerves as a result of surgery.
The afferent side of the reflex arises from mechanoreceptors in the larynx and pharynx (8), mediated through the superior laryngeal, glossopharyngeal and lingual nerves.
Patients may present with symptoms mainly headache, dizziness, earache and are usually due to direct compression of the adjacent nerves, mainly glossopharyngeal, lower branch of trigeminal and the chorda tympani nerve.