The opposition of the so-called "broken syllable intonation" and "falling syllable intonation" in deep Latgallian subdialects is phonologically realized by a specific prosodic feature--sharp (usually with glottalization
) or level changes of the intensity and the fundamental pitch, while this contrast is even intensified by quantitative differences as the level toneme is longer than the sharp one.
Within this context, Stevens tackles new issues, such as the occurrence of preaspirated consonants in Sienese, glottalization
phenomena, and the interaction of the gorgia toscana with RS.
Voicing after nasals: nteejk 'my house' wiintu'uk 'one-eyed' Voicing after glides: chowpech 'expensive' puuypyaajk 'femur' je'eykyeexp 's/he sent' Voicing intervocalically: aka'any 'it started' teepe 'the one who' No voicing after maank 'son' nasals finally: No voicing after naajkemech 'we descend' aspiration: No voicing after jyuuka'te 'they lived' glottalization
: No voicing with kachypyaajk 'rib' palatalization after voiceless consonant: There is no voicing of intervocalic clusters containing stops and fricatives and geminates.
The loss of glottalization
took place in a number of stages:
The primary focus of this paper is LR's ongoing convergence to a ser to distinguishing phonetic and phonological elements shared between the two source languages, including: final obstruent devoicing, glottalization
, and final consonant deletion.
(ii) Speech and language assessment: The core components of the speech and language assessment included; (a) Case history: prenatal, perinatal and postnatal history including feeding problems and motor milestones, surgical history, associated medical conditions, dentition and educational history; (b) Physical examination: oro-facial examination; (c) Perceptual evaluation: articulation, nasality, compensatory articulation such as glottalization
, nasal grimaces, palatalization and pharyngeal fricatives; and (d) Rating of speech intelligibility: known/unknown context.
Both / t/ glottaling and /l/vocalization were found in all of the locations she studied, but while /l/ vocalization was almost categorical among her Essex speakers (Przedlacka 2001: 46), levels of glottalization
were, apparently, lower than those used in Buckinghamshire, Kent, and Surrey (Przedlacka 2001: 45).
The mainstream view today is that Ethio-Semitic (and Akkadian) inherited glottalization
That one exception is that aspiration be written with an h--like in English--rather than with a double quote mark--parallel to the use of the single quote mark for glottalization
. Thus, the Catholics, the Protestants, and the government have continued their conceit that outsiders, not an Aymara, developed the alphabet for Aymara.
Musical ideas are sometimes exchanged between the two parts but the bass is often a rhythmic grunting or repetitive glottalization
which is in temporal as well as melodic opposition to the melodic line.