glucocorticoid


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Related to glucocorticoid: mineralocorticoid, Glucocorticoid receptor

glu·co·cor·ti·coid

 (glo͞o′kō-kôr′tĭ-koid′)
n.
Any of a group of steroid hormones, such as cortisol, that are produced by the adrenal cortex, are involved in carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism, and have anti-inflammatory properties.

[Shortening of glucocorticosteroid.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

glucocorticoid

(ˌɡluːkəʊˈkɔːtɪˌkɔɪd)
n
(Biochemistry) any of a class of corticosteroids that control carbohydrate, protein, and fat metabolism and have anti-inflammatory activity
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

glu•co•cor•ti•coid

(ˌglu koʊˈkɔr tɪˌkɔɪd)

n.
any of a class of steroid hormones that are produced by the adrenal cortex under conditions of stress and that inhibit immunologic reactions.
[1945–50]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.glucocorticoid - a steroid hormone that is produced by the adrenal cortex of animals; affects functioning of gonads and has anti-inflammatory activity
endocrine, hormone, internal secretion - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
corticosterone - secreted by the adrenal cortex; involved in regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body
adrenal cortical steroid, corticoid, corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response; "adrenal cortical steroids are used to treat many different conditions"
Pediapred, prednisolone, Prelone - a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
Deltasone, Liquid Pred, Meticorten, Orasone, prednisone - a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
Translations

glu·co·cor·ti·coid

n. glucocorticoide, grupo de hormonas segregadas por la corteza suprarrenal que intervienen en el proceso metabólico del organismo y tienes un efecto antiinflamatorio.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

glucocorticoid

adj & n glucocorticoide m
English-Spanish/Spanish-English Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2006 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Osteoporosis can occur in both men and women as a side effect of glucocorticoid treatment.
Glucocorticoid levels vary across the day, peaking at the onset of the active phase (daytime in humans, nighttime in nocturnal rodents).
However, despite the very clear life-saving effects of antenatal and postnatal glucocorticoid therapy to accelerate lung maturation in the infant, new research has identified some potential adverse side effects on the offspring's growth, central nervous and cardiovascular systems.
This is believed to be partially due to genetic factors that determine glucocorticoid sensitivity.
CONCOMITANT USE of glucocorticoids with tofacitinib in rheumatoid arthritis may double the risk of herpes zoster, but methotrexate does not appear to increase the risk, outcomes from a cohort study of 8,030 RA patients--including 222 cases of herpes zoster--suggest.
Glucocorticoid receptor alpha (GR[alpha]) and I[kappa]B[alpha] expression in LPS-stimulated HPMECs with methylprednisolone
Cortisol is a glucocorticoid that, in addition to its primary role in the release of stored glucose during the fight-or-flight response, targets a number of cellular processes by binding to the glucocorticoid receptor encoded by the nuclear receptor subfamily 3 group C member 1 gene, NR3C1.
Busse, M.D., from the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health in Madison, and colleagues performed a combined analysis of four trials comparing an inhaled glucocorticoid plus a LABA with an inhaled glucocorticoid alone in adolescents and adults with asthma.
All-cause mortality was significantly lower in patients who received the inhaled glucocorticoid, although the authors said this finding was "fragile" and needed further investigation.
They discovered that the protein ignores the regular body clock cycle of glucocorticoid secretion and therefore the circadian cycle is responsible for regulating cellular fat.
These data indicate that glucocorticoid signaling is selectively altered in the mature adult uterus but not the neonatal uterus by early-life exposure to genistein (see Table S4).

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